2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?

静观这些年来出国留学的趋势,在所有的留学目的地国家中,美国无疑使最受欢迎的国家之一。很多时候,我们常常关注美国大学的排名、录取标准,如果有打算去美国留学,还有哪些因素是该我们考量的?如何才能选择一所适合自己的美国大学?俗话说,“适合自己的才是最好”,只有经过全面的了解分析,才能选出最适合你的“那一款”。

2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图1

1美国大学选校指导之大学排名

大学排名是大多人在择校时考虑的因素之一,也是一个很重要的因素。目前有不同的排名资料,但针对美国大学的一般以Petersons Guide及US News and World Report为准。就以2015USNEWS全球大学排名Top500院校为例,美国是研究类院校中的全球领导者,从数量上看美国大学在这份顶尖院校榜单中占据着主导地位。提醒您需要注意的是:可以更多的从专业排名,而不是完全按照学校排名来选择你心仪的学校。切勿集中选择名次太近的学校,“不要把鸡蛋放在一个篮子中”,这样才能提高获得志愿学校offer的可能性。

另外,2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图2这些美国大学可能不适合你

2美国大学选校指导之美国大学学制

美国大学除了较少的学校采用学季(quarter)制(一年有四个季节)外,绝大多数都采用学期(Semester)制,每年有两个学期,于8月底及1月份开学,分别称为秋季学期和春季学期。希望提早毕业,或工作经验丰富又不介意密集式读书的学生,可考虑学季制的大学。与中国的高中学制相匹配的是秋季学期,但因为申请截止日期和申请材料完备的问题,许多学生都没有办法申请到毕业当年的秋季学期。然而,若要在等到下一年的秋季学期,又太费时,针对这种情况,许多学校就设立春季学期,让学生多了一个入学的机会。

美国通常本科为四年,硕士为两年,是修学分的。一般硕士是30-40个学分,学生如果能提前修完学分即可提前毕业,比较灵活。

3美国大学选校指导之申请条件

美国的本科要求申请者提供语言成绩(雅思/托福),SAT或ACT。美国在硕士申请的时候除了基本的语言成绩(雅思/托福)以外,还需要提供GRE或者GMAT成绩,对于不提供双录取的美国大学,学生在递交申请时必须提供合格的语言成绩。另外,美国大学录取时对学生的综合能力非常重视。

4美国大学选校指导之留学费用

美国普通私立大学每年学费一般在1.7万-2.4万美元之间;公立学校稍便宜一点,在0.9万-1.4万美元之间,而知名大学则一般超过3万美元。平均下来,每年的学费在15000-35000美元之间,而以商学院、法学院、医学院等为最高,在20000-50000美元之间。赴美读本科4年所需留学费用在75000-178400美元之间(约合54.75万-150万元人民币)。学生可以在校内勤工俭学,一般1小时收入8美元左右,每星期最多可兼职20小时。

5美国大学选校指导之奖学金机会

希望申请奖学金的同学,虽然知道美国大学受到教育预算削减的影响,奖学金的机会已经锐减,但写信向研究背景与自己相似的教授自我推荐、上网查询奖学金参考资料、查考学校发予奖学金的比例、向私人机构申请奖助金的种种管道,仍是可行的。申请助教奖学金的同学,更应准备TSE考试成绩。由于助教必须教课讲解,口说沟通表达的能力不但重要且必要,因此具备TSE成绩的同学远比欠缺该项成绩的申请者,更易获得奖学金。

6美国大学选校指导之就业机会

美国是移民国家,热衷于吸引国际人才,也容易容纳国际人才,好的就业机会也多,所以留学生毕业后留下来的机会更大。据不完全统计,每年有2.1万中国留学生前往美国,目前已有150万余人前往美国,其中约110万人留在美国。

美国是移民国家,不同种族的人很多,各个国家的留学生也很多。美国人通常比较开放热情,所以中国留学生在美国融入校园是相对比较容易的,很快就会有不少人产生“不觉得自己是留学生”的这种感觉。

7美国大学选校指导之治安、中国人比例

治安差的地区例如:纽约哈林区、布鲁克林区,单身女子在选校时就该谨慎考虑。但也要考虑到,如果放弃纽约州,可能会错过纽约“大苹果”最吸引人的风采,以及多姿多彩的多元文化生活。另外,不少中学生放弃加州是因为该地中国人多,怕会影响学习英文的进度。但是别忘了,学习英文的方法与态度,比如不与中国留学生生合租一间公寓,比简单地选择地区更重要。

8美国大学选校指导之院校环境

地点:如果你的学校是标准的大学城,前往附近的国际机场、大都市,必须另搭飞机才能抵达,那么对于个性喜好五光十色的大都会生活族来说,可能成为问题。所以学校地点是在小乡镇、大都会、大学城,以及交通便利性,在选校时也应一并考虑进去。

气侯:美国有些寒冷的州每年常会有七八个月的雪季,对于已习惯亚热带气候且怕冷的同学,更要仔细考虑。芝加哥城的风、亚利桑那州的沙漠、达拉斯城炎热的夏天、加州温暖明亮的艳阳天、被秋天枫叶染红的密歇根州等,都曾在多少留学学子心中,留下不可抹灭的深刻回忆。


 


2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图3

1.波士顿(Boston):兼具现代气息和传统风情,是美国马萨诸塞州的首府和最大城市,也是新英格兰地区的最大城市。波士顿创建于1630年,是美国最古老、最有文化价值的城市之一,包括哈佛在内的一百多所大学在这里扎根。英语有严重的口音。靠近Charles River的城北区域治安良好。城南处于黑道交火区,近几年的治安问题略微严重。波士顿华人众多,唐人街是美国管理的最整齐最有样子的唐人街,以台湾移民为主,近年大陆移民势盛。城市持续翻新,美国城市中少有。就业机会多,薪水高,但是生活消费也很高。点击走进美国大学名城——波士顿,可查看美国波士顿的知名大学及相关信息。

点击2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图4走进美国大学名城——波士顿,可查看波士顿各大名校相关信息(包括校园景观、入学要求、实习就业、奖学金申请等)。

2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图5

2.新泽西州(New Jersey):New Jersey主要分为三块,North NJ (学校有NJIT, Stevens, Rutgers Newark等), Central NJ (Rutgers New Brunswick, Princeton) 和 South NJ。North NJ是老工业区,药厂林立,申请药学的话应该是一个很好的选择,另外制造业发达,ME专业申请这里也是一个很好的选择。该区最大的问题是治安,Newark,Jersey City都被誉为是全美最危险的城市之一,黑人比例高,gang活动猖獗,特别脏乱,有时火车去纽约路过这里都会有乘务员提示注意安全。Central NJ华人比例相对高,华人超市和饭店林立,还有著名的印度人聚集城市Edison。所以该区IT产业发达,朗讯和AT&T的总部就架设在此。NJ IT的薪水虽然不如NYC,但是相对生活花费是非常不错的。Central NJ风景优美,Jersey Shore是世界上最长的优质沙滩海岸之一。大部分地区治安良好,特别是沿海地区。作为华人生活便利。除了西部靠近宾州的区域,大部分地区和NNJ一样,很少有农田。总体来说,新泽西消费税较纽约低,非沿海度假区住房价格中上。四季分明,人口稠密,经济状况良好,就业机会丰富,华人生活便利。是一个留学的好选择。

2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图6

3.纽约(New York City):纽约是大城市,城市很脏,人也比较混杂。但是这样的城市自然有他吸引人的地方。纽约相对附近薪水非常高,消费税也较高。纽约人均犯罪率在美国大城市中是最低的之一。特别是这几年,治安有很好的改善。

但是,纽约住房租金非常贵,唐人街很脏,但是在法拉盛和老唐人街你可以买到任何你想买的东西。作为华人生活非常便利。就业在纽约的人很多生活在NNJ,用来节省住房的预算。工作机会,不用废话了。

2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图7

4.奥兰多(Orlando):因为UCF(Uniersity of Florida)的关系了解了一下奥兰多的情况,奥兰多四季如夏,气候潮湿,夏天每天下午会有短时间的阵雨,冬季舒服。偶有特殊天气情况,但是因为地处内陆所以影响并不大。奥兰多市区治安问题这几年恶化,但是都是小打小闹,凶杀之类仍然平淡,交通杜塞,西班牙语窜起。这些都是城市疯狂膨胀的病痛。奥兰多近几年城市发展迅速,很多IT大公司进驻并开设分区总部(其中包括我比较喜欢的EA Sports)。UCF所处社区治安良好。旁边设有Disney,NASA发射中心和高科技园区。物价较高,汽车保险费高。住房价格这几年增长迅速(美国哪里不是呢?)。就业情况,除了在奥兰多/迈阿密工作之外,很多Uniersity of Florida和University of Central Florida的毕业生最后都转入德州或者亚特兰大,其主要原因就是佛罗里达最近几年的物(房)价相对薪水飞涨和飓风等特殊天气。奥兰多和UCF被很多人称为“吃喝玩乐一条龙”。看来除了读书,周边是有很多吸引人的东西了。

2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图8

5.凤凰城(Phoenix)和坦佩市(Tempe):Phoenix和Tempe的温度很高,五彩斑斓沙漠气候,38度以上每年平均100天。干燥,很少降雨。几乎每天都是晴天。Phoenix是美国发展最快的城市,现在。和LA有点像的地方是都是需要汽车的城市。另外Phoenix有大量的IC企业,国防也是支柱之一。Tempe是大学城,环境不错。最近忽然想起来我在Phoenix转过机。外面的确是黄黄的。

2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图9

6.巴尔的摩(Baltimore):JHU(The Johns Hopkins University)在美国有很好的口碑。特别是要学医的,理所应当去JHU。巴尔地摩这个城市黑人比例高,治安据说不是很好。可能是白天的缘故,城市挺漂亮的,因为20世纪初大火,市区都给毁了,所以整座城市除了内港都是重新新建的。

2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图10

7.洛杉矶(Los Angeles):跟纽约给人的感觉是不一样的,LA视野开阔,面积巨大,看看上面这幅图,是不是有种海市盛楼的感觉?没有车是不行的了,有了车,堵车又难免。气候很好,聚集了很多美国一流的大学,比如:加州大学洛杉矶分校、洛杉矶加州州立大学、南加州大学、圣玛丽山学院等。华人很多,物价,特别是中国食品物价特别便宜,而且正宗,个人觉得比纽约的好吃。

2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图11

8.五大湖区:大家都在说五大湖区在衰落,确实是这样,密歇根州最大的问题就是州内工作不好找,如果不是搞汽车相关的就不太容易留在州内,不过想走学术路线的无所谓,因为美国有个不成文的规定,你在哪里读书就不能在那里当教师。密歇根的消费水平在五大湖区算中等偏上,但是地区差异较大。Annarbor是消费最高的城市,因为Umich(University of Michigan)的本科生太有钱。密歇根的两大牛校是Umich和MSU(Michigan State University),两个学校貌合神离,经常互不买帐,火药味比较大,但是赶不上Umich和OSU(Ohio State University)的那种‘老死不相往来’的程度。Umich揽走了密歇根州大部分的教育经费,所以学校富的要命,硬件设施非常好,软件也不错,在这边可以生活得非常舒心。教学水平很高,学术交流活动非常频繁,参加这些活动提高非常大。

2016如何选择适合自己的美国大学?图12

10.芝加哥(Chicago):到了芝加哥你就会感觉你掉到了学校堆里:Uchicago, Northwestern, UIC, IIT…有点波士顿的感觉了。芝加哥是个大城市,人口密集,黑人很多,路上见个白人不容易。芝加哥两大牛校:Uchicago和Northwestern,各居城市的两端,其中Uchicago落于黑人区,“烧杀抢掠”不断,Northwestern在富人区,相对较安全。如果是女孩子最好避开芝大去西北,免得生活的胆战心惊。芝大也因为治安不好失去了好多优秀的faculty,衰落的厉害。相反,西北就上升的很快。当然,如果你想读MBA之类的,芝大还是理想的去处,毕业后工作非常好找,芝大这方面的牌子非常硬。芝加哥的公共交通系统不算好,没有车会过得很痛苦,消费水平很高,但是大城市会有好多有趣的活动丰富课余生活,购物的地方也多,但是前提是要有车。

5月雅思口语换题季Part2新增题目范文及语料:Describe an interesting place in your city

5月雅思口语换题季Part2新增题目范文及语料:Describe an interesting place in your city图1

范文传送门:雅思前考官9分经典口语话题40篇答案集

范文1:

Ok, I’d like to tell you about the temple of the Six Banyan Trees. It’s
located in the city center of Guangzhou and its not far away from Zhongshan 6
Road, near the People’s Hospital. It’s a good place to go to and climb to see
the Flower Pagoda, which has eight sides to it. You can also go there to pray if
you are a Buddhist. It is an active temple and is also the head of the Guangzhou
Buddhist Association. You can also do a bit of shopping there if you like.
Besides the souvenirs you can buy there, it also has a very lively fruit and
meat market nearby, so if you just want to shop instead you can.

The main feature of this place is the pagoda because it’s the tallest in the
city. From the outside it looks like it has only nine stories, but actually it
has 17 inside. It’s quite old, and was built some time in the 10th century. The
temple itself is even older than that-I think it goes back to some time during
the Tang Dynasty, around 500 AD or something like that. It’s called the six
Banyan Trees because there used to be six trees there, and Su Dongpu, one of
china’s best-known poets in the Song Dynasty, celebrated them in a poem. You can
also see one of the most beautiful golden statutes of Guanyin, who’s a Buddhist
Goddess of Compassion I would recommend this place because it represents real
history in Guangzhou. A lot of people complain that Guangzhou is too concerned
about money and business, and lacks culture, but I think there are several
places that still remind people of its rich culture, and this is one of
them。

范文2:

Well, the interesting place in my city I think is the center park. First, the
environment of the park is perfect. You know what, there are a lot of trees,
flowers and grassland, and the fresh air always makes me comfortable. Second
there are several famous restaurants in the park, and my friends and I eat a lot
there, and you can enjoy the delicious food and the view in the park at the
meanwhile. Finally, there are a big exercise plaza in the park, and I can do
some exercise there, and sometime I could make friends there. My best friend
Frank and I meet at the first time there. That’s why the center park is my
favorite public place.

相关语料:

Here are some ideas I found to describe London:

Adjectives: it’s exciting, busy, hectic, cosmopolitan, multicultural, unique.
It’s historic but modern at the same time, it’s a thriving, prosperous city,
it’s fashionable, lively, fun…

Activities: London is famous for its history, culture, art, museums. Tourists
go there to see Big Ben, The Tower of London, Buckingham Palace, Trafalgar
Square etc. You can get a fantastic view of the city from the ‘London Eye’. It’s
also famous for its theatres and shows in the West End, its shops, restaurants
and nightlife. There are endless things to see and do.

Negatives: London is expensive, crowded, stressful, polluted. The underground
system is dirty, travel is overpriced and unpleasant. The cost of living is high
(shopping, house prices etc.), the locals are always in a hurry and can be
unfriendly, there are social problems (like you can find in most big
cities).

ACT语法及阅读的超详细备考规划

语法部分:

总题型:语法;句子结构;标点;写作风格;写作策略;写作目的;句子排序;段落排序,句子功能。

ACT语法及阅读的超详细备考规划图1

重新扫描所有的语法考点:

一、平行并列结构之平行:and;or ;not only…but also;not because…but because;rather
than;instead of等。平行并列之并列:Although SVO, SVO. BecauseSVO, SVO. When SVO, SVO. SVO,
but SVO. SVO, whereas SVO. SVO, thereby SVO. SVO,whereby SVO. SVO and SVO. SVO;
SVO. SVO:SVO.

二、同位语: SVO,O.限定和非限定区别:A capable, humorous author.(都形容同一人author ,故用非限定);Old
ChineseAmerican (限定)。

三、不加逗号之情况:主谓间;主语并列;介词前后;反身代词。

四、SVO;SVO. 和SVO:SVO之区别,前者分号的前后只能是two complete sentenceswith two complete
meanings ,后者冒号后可以加上一个句子或一件东西(名词或名词词组)或一堆东西。

五、句子中插入语用法:双破折号等于双逗号。三种作用:解释;突停;插入。

六、主谓一致:单:anything;nothing;less;复:both ;fewer 就近:either…or; neither…nor;
就远:along with;as well as;

七、倒装句:三种形式:介词放在句首;only放在句首;Never 放在句首;

八、优于定律:动词优于名词; 主动优于被动;being一般都是错;时态现在优于过去优于完成;

九、固定搭配和不规则动词,参见我发的固定搭配表;

十、比较级和最高级;

ACT语法及阅读的超详细备考规划图2

阅读部分:

题目类型:主旨题,least题,关系题,推断题,词汇代换题,细节题。

重新回顾以下篇章类别:

阅读题型ProseFiction:女权;移民;情感纠葛

Social Science:环保绿色经济;涉及美国历史;社会实验

Humanities:音乐人的心路历程,他的贡献,特征特质,与他人不同;作家的风格

Natural Science:动植物较多

策略:

一、做篇章顺序:4231或4321。

二、每道题30秒内必须做完。

三、有极端词汇的比如absolutely必错;

四、不要脑洞大开,文章里提供什么,就找什么和选什么,和自己的课外知识无关。

五、Except,Not的题都放到最后面做。

六、如果碰到双对比题,就先读第一篇文章然后做1-4,然后第二篇文章5-8,最后做9-10。

七、小说类人称为第一人称的偏主观,二三人称的偏客观。年龄往往是老年人回忆其幼年或者青少年。

八、Humanities 里的主人公都是被赞誉,描述一生的特征,成就和同时代比较或者描述其某段人生的辉煌和巅峰时期和事业起步。

九、NaturalScience 注意evidence的寻找,判断因果,转折还是递进的逻辑顺序。

十、时间控制:每篇7分钟到9分钟内完成篇章阅读和做完一篇内所有十道题。

【听力高分】3个助你高分的雅思听力练习方法

【听力高分】3个助你高分的雅思听力练习方法图1

雅思听力练习方法有哪些

1、精听BBC慢速英语雅思听力资料(最好不要看原文)

刚开始的时候绝对不要看原文,尤其对那些本来就很清晰的雅思听力资料。这主要是希望大家不要依赖原文,自己一定要一个单词一个单词的完全听懂。有的同学说我有那么几个单词实在听不懂怎么办?

大家想一想,慢速英语的单词量是1500到2000,也就是说一个比较好的高中生的单词量已经超过了许多,更何况四六级都已通过的你。听不懂的唯一原因绝对不是生词的问题,只能是你对这个单词的发音极其陌生,大脑根本没有反映。所以我们要训练的就是大脑对这个单词的敏感性。

2、同步复述

现在大家已经把这段录音的意思完全搞懂了,而且能够惟妙惟肖的基本同步复述了。请大家注意,直到现在你的大脑还没有动起来,也就是说这些完全是些机械的模仿,刻板的复述。这种机械的重复对于我们的雅思口语和开口能力是不会有“事半功倍“的效果的。

3、练习口译能力

好了,到了这一步你已经很不错了,不仅能够把这段录音完全听懂,同步复述,而且还可以用自己的英语对你的朋友娓娓道来。是不是感觉很有成就感啊!但是我还得继续更深层次的练习。对了,就是口译能力,将刚才的那段话口译成中文,有时候我们能复述,并不代表我们可以同步翻译。

以上就是关于雅思听力练习方法有哪些的总结,希望可以帮助到大家。

加拿大院校攻略之渥太华大学 顶尖研究型大学

编辑为大家分析加拿大院校之渥太华大学基本情况,地理概况,学术实力,兼职打工等供大家选校参考。

渥太华大学院校简介

渥太华大学是加拿大安大略省的一间顶尖研究型大学,也是加拿大建校历史最长的大学之一。渥太华大学长期位列加拿大医博类大学前十强。学校坐落于加拿大首都渥太华市中心,毗邻加拿大国会山,地理位置十分优越。前身是由无玷圣母献主会1848年创办的College
of
Bytown,原为一通识教育学院,1800年代开始以法文与英文教授纯科学及应用科学,1872年开始颁授学士学位,1875年颁授硕士学位,1888年颁授博士学位。1965年7月1日该大学重组,不再从属于宗教组织。渥太华大学还积极致力于加强世界间的联系,其国际合作项目涉及欧、非、拉美等众多地区。创立伊始,渥太华大学就显示出她的强大实力。时至今日,已一跃成为声名大噪的学术中心。全校包括在校生与教职工在内的总人数已达30000人之多,其中近千名国际留学生占学生总数的4%。
渥太华大学师资力量雄厚,84位加拿大皇家学会(Royal Society of Canada)会士,有73位加拿大首席研究员(Canada Research
Chairs),38位大学首席研究员,(University of Ottawa Research
Chairs),9位加拿大法语社会首席研究员(Research Chairs in Canadian
Francophonie)和一千余名教职员工。渥太华大学下设十大学院——管理学院、文学院、教育学院、工程院、卫生学院、法学院、医学院、理学院和社会科学学院,开设有200多个专业,其中学士学位专业近120个。

加拿大院校攻略之渥太华大学  顶尖研究型大学图1

渥太华大学地理概况

渥太华大学主校园坐落于加拿大首都渥太华市中心,占地约440亩。学校距议会大厦只有几个街区,步行可到购物中心、餐馆、电影院、博物馆等。同时,学校周围公交系统十分发达,乘公共汽车可到城市的每个角落。渥太华市是加拿大的首都,位于加拿大最富庶的地区,安大略省。市区人口约37万,加上郊区人口约1百万。城市里有加拿大最为著名的历史建筑和无数的图书馆及博物馆:议会大厦、国家图书馆和档案馆、加拿大文化博物馆、加拿大国家艺术馆、国家科技博物馆,高等法院等。根据美世咨询的排名,渥太华是北美生活质量第一的城市。同时也是加拿大第二干净的城市和全球第三干净的城市。渥太华连续被联合国评为10个最适宜人类居住的城市之一,世界5大电信研究中心之一。

渥太华气候属于温带大陆性湿润气候,夏季6月最高温为26.5°C,1月最低温为?14.8°C,冬季十分寒冷。历史记录的最高气温是1986年夏季测到的
+37.8 °C(100 °F);最低是1943年冬季的 -36. °C(-32.8
°F);使渥太华成为世界第二寒冷的首都城市。渥太华冬季为冰雪所覆盖,平均年降雪量为235厘米(93英寸)。一月份的夜间平均气温为-25
°C,考虑风力因素,人体感觉是-40
°C。通常11月至4月为冰雪覆盖。到每年的维多利亚日之后,人们才开始户外园艺活动。渥太华夏季温暖潮湿,并且时间短暂。七月的平均最高气温为26.5 °C,30
°C以上亦非罕见。因为靠近河边,湿度很大,有时闷热异常。

渥太华大学学术实力Research Centre

Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics;

Centre for Catalysis Research and Innovation;

Centre for Environmental Law and Global Sustainability;

Centre for Hazard Mitigation and Emergency Management;

Centre for Health Law, Policy and Ethics;

Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on Citizenship and Minorities ;

Centre for International Policy Studies;

Centre for Law, Technology and Society;

渥太华大学著名校友

苏锦梁 (于2008年加入香港特区政府,现任香港商务及经济发展局局长)

陈明立HaryTanoesoedibjo (印度尼西亚传媒业巨头、华裔富豪,旗下的电视台占据印尼全国三分之一的收视份额)

夏颖奇 (现任北京中关村论坛协会秘书长。曾任中关村管委会副主任、党组成员,分管人才资源处、国际交流合作处)

【新SAT】从OG中解读新SAT语法之标点符号

自2016年3月起,新SAT考试将正式推出。在新SAT考试中,语法部分作为“写作与语言测试”,归入阅读。改革后的语法在形式和内容上都发生了很多变化,注重词汇在具体语境中的含义,要求考生掌握例证,另外还增加了图表题。

【新SAT】从OG中解读新SAT语法之标点符号图1

在考试描述中,我们看到这样一段话:The questions associated with the passages place students in the role of someone revising and editing the work of an unspecified writer. Students are, by turns, asked to improve the development, organization, and use of language in the passages and to ensure that the passages conform to conventions of standard written English grammar, usage, and punctuation. 相比现行SAT重点考查语法和用法,新SAT语法考试将增加对标点符号的考查。首先我们来看一下考纲中的具体描述:

Conventions of Punctuation These questions focus on editing text to ensure conformity to the conventions of standard written English punctuation.
End-of-sentence punctuation The student will recognize and correct inappropriate uses of ending punctuation in cases in which the context makes the intent clear.
Within-sentence punctuation The student will correctly use and recognize and correct inappropriate uses of colons, semicolons, and dashes to indicate sharp breaks in thought within sentences.
Possessive nouns and pronouns The student will recognize and correct inappropriate uses of possessive nouns and pronouns as well as differentiate between possessive and plural forms.
Items in a series The student will correctly use and recognize and correct inappropriate uses of punctuation (commas and sometimes semicolons) to separate items in a series.
Nonrestrictive and parenthetical elements The student will correctly use punctuation (commas, parentheses, dashes) to set off nonrestrictive and parenthetical sentence elements as well as recognize and correct cases in which restrictive or essential sentence elements are inappropriately set off with punctuation.
Unnecessary punctuation The student will recognize and correct cases in which unnecessary punctuation appears in a sentence.

现行SAT中重点考查的标点符号主要是分号,而新SAT对标点符号用法的考查将更加全面。考纲中涉及到的标点符号主要有句号、冒号、分号、破折号、撇号、逗号等,下面我们通过样题来了解一下具体的考点

【新SAT】从OG中解读新SAT语法之标点符号图2

以样题中的Q5为例,The transportation [Q5] planner’s job, might involve conducting a traffic count to determine the daily number of vehicles traveling on the road to the new factory.

Question 5.

A. NO CHANGE (planner’s job,)

B. planner’s job

C. planners job,

D. planners job

这道题目体现了考纲中的两个点,一个是区分所有格与名词的复数形式,planner和job之间是所属关系,使用’s表示所有格;另外一个是不使用标点的情况,即句子主语和谓语动词之间不应该用逗号隔开,因此本题选B。

改革后的SAT紧密贴合美国国家核心课程标准(Common Core State Standards),例如样题中的Q14,The name Kingman was selected for its two [Q14] parts, “king” and “man”; Cantonese for “scenery” and “composition.”

Question 14.

A. NO CHANGE (parts, “king” and “man”;)

B. parts: “king” and “man,”

C. parts “king” and “man”;

D. parts; “king” and “man”

我们在CCSS中可以找到关于这个知识点的明确要求,即9-10年级学生语言标准当中的第2条的b. Use a colon to introduce a list or quotation.本题考查的就是冒号用于列举和解释说明。因此答案选B。

标点符号的用法广泛而灵活,要想掌握好这一考点,建议考生学习标准书面英文的规范,在自己进行写作的同时关注标点符号的用法。特别要注意的一点就是汉语和英语中标点符号用法的区别。比如,在汉语句子内部,主语和谓语之间、谓语和宾语之间,如需停顿,可以使用逗号隔开;而在英语当中,逗号的使用以及不使用都有具体的规范,不可随意使用,这一点希望大家能够仔细区别。

【语法真题100练】GMAT考生必看SC高分秘籍(二十八练)

GMAT语法题,又称句子改错题(sentence correction),是整个GMAT考试中对考生英语语法能力考查要求最高的题型,也往往是中国学生最为头疼的一类题目。没有扎实的语法基础和一定的逻辑分析能力,想要做好语法题难度极高。怎样做好GMAT语法题?下面小编就通过一些经典真题的实例解析,为大家全面讲解GMAT语法题的解题思路和方法技巧。

【语法真题100练】GMAT考生必看SC高分秘籍(二十八练)图1

实例题目:

In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, dioxin induces the
production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render
harmless, the chemical that is irritating it
.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating
it

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical
irritant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical
irritating it

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

【语法真题100练】GMAT考生必看SC高分秘籍(二十八练)图2

选项分析:

(A)trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating
it

【错误】
简洁明了:在GMAT语法题中表达同一个意思时,简洁性从高到低依次为动词、形容词和副词、一般名词、动名词(简称VANing原则:V——verb,A——adj.或adv.,N——noun,ing——动名词)。本选项中的“trying”(动名词)简洁性逊于(E)的“atempt”(一般名词)。

(B)trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

【错误】 固定搭配:不存在“try that+S(主语)+V(谓语)”表示尝试做某事的用法。

(C)attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical
irritant

【错误】 简洁明了:“attempt to try”中“attempt”和“try”语义重复。

(D)attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating
it

【错误】 简洁明了:见(C)。

(E)attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

【正确】 “attempt to do sth.”是正确搭配,且“attempt”比“trying”和“attempt to
try”更加简洁明了。

【大意】 实际上在每个动物物种的所有形式的组织中,二噁英刺激一种酶的产生,这是有机体中和,或无害化,化学刺激物的尝试。

解题思路:

没有“trying that”表示“试着做某事”的搭配,立即排除(B)。

“attempt to try”语义重复,排除(C)和(D)。“trying”简洁性逊于“attempt”。因此选择(E)。

2018年7月21日雅思写作真题回忆及范文:

2018年7月21日雅思写作真题回忆及范文:图1

  
雅思小作文类型:流程图   
题目 The diagram shows the how recycled paper is made 
雅思大作文类型:社会类   
题目:Some businesses find that new employees who just finish their education lack basic interpersonal ability such as work with others as a part of team.What do you think the causes of this problem?And how to solve this?

范文来自雅思哥:

Despite the high level of knowledge, employers today have found that their new employees lack basic interpersonal skills needed in an office environment. This essay will analyze the main reason leading to the problem and offer some potential solutions to it.

People with interpersonal skills are the people who can vary how they act and what they contribute. They notice the strengths and weaknesses of their group, and they adapt. However, schools and colleges or universities have failed to equip students with such applied skills. Instead, students are encouraged to focus on their academic subjects exclusively, because they are only evaluated by their academic performance which is essential to receiving an academic qualification. Unfortunately, many of them have turned into information recipients who acquire the knowledge in a passive way without truly developing abilities and skills required in today s job market. For high schools, educators should think more about how students are learning, rather than just what they are learning. Teaching should reflect the richness of real-life interactions, and to give students experience in the kinds of settings that are going to be useful to them when they leave school. Assignments and curricula should integrate opportunities to work collaboralively. Group projects, for example, are valuable learning opportunities.

In the higher education sphere, professors and administrators should encourage students to seek out real-world experiences. Colleges and universities could ask students to work cotlaboratively in the classroom and pursue internships and volunteer opportunities outside of it. Students should also look for critical growth opportunities within their extracurncular activities, rather than just viewing them as resume-fillers.

To conclude, jobs requiring high levels of social interaction are growing. In order to help graduates better prepare for their future career, changes should be considered in the education system.

以上就是小站雅思为大家整理的2018年7月21日场的雅思写作大小作文的全部内容,更多雅思考试相关资讯,请继续关注小站雅思。

10月22日GRE阅读逻辑机经 提前理顺思路才能提速提分

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短篇阅读

Since the 1980s, experts have been claiming that the skill demands of today’s
jobs have outstripped the skills workers possess. Moss and Tilly counter that
worker deficiencies lie less in job-specific skills than in such attributes as
motivation, interpersonal skills, and appropriate work demeanor. However, Handel
suggests that these perceived deficiencies are merely an age effect, arguing
that workers pass through a phase of early adulthood characterized by weak
attachment to their jobs. As they mature, workers grow out of casual work
attitudes and adjust to the workplace norms of jobs that they are more
interested in retaining. Significantly, complaints regarding younger workers
have persisted for over two decades, but similar complaints regarding older
workers have not grown as the earlier cohorts aged.

The last sentence serves primarily to

A. suggest that worker deficiencies are likely to become more pronounced in
the future

B. introduce facts that Handel may have failed to take into account

C. cite evidence supporting Handel’s argument about workers

D. show that the worker deficiencies cited by Handel are more than an age
effect

E. distinguish certain skills more commonly possessed by young workers from
skills more commonly found among mature workers

正确答案

C

题目解析

专家认为现在的工作要求超出了工人的能力—→M、T认为工人的在motivation, interpersonal skills, and
appropriate work
demeanor这几个方面的问题更大—-→转折,H认为这个缺点仅仅是年纪的问题(年纪老一些时就好了)—-→值得注意的是,关于青年工人的抱怨持续了二十年,而对于年长工人,类似的抱怨并没有(随着年岁)增长(支持H的观点)

长篇阅读

In the early twentieth century, the idea that pianists should be
musician-scholars whose playing reflected the way composers wanted their music
to sound replaced the notion that pianists should be virtuosos whose
performances thrilled audiences with emotional daring and showy displays of
technique. One important figure to emerge in the period, though a harpsichordist
rather than a pianist, was Wanda Landowska (1879–1959). She demonstrated how the
keyboard works of Baroque composers such as Bach, Handel, Scarlatti, and
Couperin probably sounded in their own times. It would be a mistake to consider
Landowska a classicist, however. She had been born in an age of Romantic playing
dominated by Liszt, Leschetizky, and their pupils. Thus she grew up with and was
influenced by certain Romantic traditions of performance, whatever the
stringency of her musical scholarship; Landowska knew how to hold audiences
breathless, and when she gave recitals, they responded with deathlike silence
and rapt attention.

Her playing was Romantic, but it was at least as close in spirit to the style
of playing intended by composers of the Baroque (1600–1750) and Classical
(1750–1830) eras, as have been the more exacting but less emotionally resonant
interpretations of most harpsichordists since Landowska. She had a miraculous
quality of touch, a seemingly autonomous left hand; no artist in her generation
could clarify with such deftness the polyphonic writing of the Baroque masters.
And none could make their music so spring to life.

Her achievements were the result of a lifetime of scholarship, truly
remarkable physical gifts, and resilient rhythm, all combined with excellent
judgment about when not to hold the printed note sacrosanct. Of course,
developing such judgment demanded considerable experience and imagination. She
was a genius at underlining the dramatic and emotional content of a piece, and
to do so, she took liberties, all kinds of liberties, while nevertheless
preserving the integrity of a composer’s score. In short, her entire musical
approach was Romantic: intensely personal, full of light and shade, never
pedantic.

Thanks to Landowska, Bach’s music (originally composed for the harpsichord)
now sounded inappropriately thick when played on the piano. One by one, pianists
stopped playing Bach’s music as adapted for the piano by Liszt or by Tausig.
Then they gradually stopped performing any kind of Baroque music on the piano,
even Scarlatti’s. The piano repertoire, it began to be felt, was extensive
enough without reverting to transcriptions of Baroque music originally written
for the harpsichord—and piano performances of Bach and Scarlatti were, despite
the obvious similarities between the harpsichord and the piano, transcriptions,
no matter how faithfully the original notes were played. In accordance with this
kind of purism came an emphasis on studying composers’ manuscript notations, a
relatively new field of musicology that is flourishing even today.

1. The passage suggests that Landowska’s playing embodied a rejection of
which of the following?

A. Emotionally resonant interpretations of musical works.

B. An audience’s complete silence during a performance.

C. Performances of previously obscure Baroque works.

D. The idea that a performer can correctly judge when not to hold the printed
note sacrosanct.

E. Performances emphasizing showy displays of technique that compromise the
integrity of a composer’s original score.

正确答案

E

题目解析

主旨直选法,细读第一句得出文章主旨:在这个时期,一种新idea代替了旧的notion。新的idea是文章主旨:pianists should be
musician-scholars whose playing reflected the way composers wanted their music
to sound(钢琴家应该是这么一种音乐家:其演奏反映的是作曲家希望他们的作品能够被听到的样子)。 深入理解:钢琴家应该作为一种重现作曲家意图的媒介。
然后说: One important figure to emerge in the period is L(本文主人公)
根据全文理解,L是这种新的idea的践行者。 那么题目:L的演奏反对什么? 由上述L支持的东西来推论:L支持演奏应该原原本本的表达作曲家的意图(the way
composers wanted their music to sound),那么L会反对:
E:一种表演:重视技巧,而compromise(此处作危害,GRE常考)the integrity of the composer’s original
score.(original是关键)

2. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the
compositions of Scarlatti?

A. They were adapted by Liszt and Tausig.

B. They have not been transcribed faithfully.

C. They were not composed during the Baroque period.

D. They were composed for instruments other than piano.

E. They fell out of favor with most musicians in the early twentieth
century.

正确答案

D

题目解析

信息1: Then they gradually stopped performing any kind of Baroque music on the
piano, even Scarlatti’s. 说明S的作品从属于Baroque music

信息2: Baroque music originally written for the harpsichord

说明Baroque music 开始不是写给piano的,因为是写给H的

推断: S属于B;B不是写给piano;那么S也不是写给piano,所以D选项正确

3. The author’s assertion that Landowska should not be considered a
classicist serves primarily to emphasize which of the following?

A. Landowska specialized in playing the works of composers of the Baroque
era.

B. Landowska’s repertoire included orchestral music only.

C. Landowska’s musical performances were not devoid of emotion.

D. Landowska’s repertoire emphasized works of long-lasting interest and
value.

E. Landowska advocated the study of Classical style or form.

正确答案

C

题目解析

“Landowska knew how to hold audiences breathless, and when she gave recitals,
they responded with deathlike silence and rapt attention. “就说明她的演奏是富有感情色彩的。然而
“by composers of the Baroque (1600–1750) and Classical (1750–1830) eras, as have
been the more exacting but less emotionally resonant interpretations of most
harpsichordists ”
说明classical表演没有感情。选项c的意思是L的表演不全没有感情,也就是带有感情,这个和classical的特点相悖,所以说明L不是classical的

逻辑阅读

Despite a dramatic increase in the number of people riding bicycles for
recreation in Parkville, a recent report by the Parkville Department of
Transportation shows that the number of accidents involving bicycles has
decreased for the third consecutive year.

Which of the following, if true during the last three years, best reconciles
the apparent discrepancy in the facts?

A. The Parkville Department of Recreation confiscated abandoned bicycles and
sold them at auction to any interested Parkville residents.

B. Increased automobile and bus traffic in Parkville had been the leading
cause of the most recent increase in automobile accidents.

C. Because of the local increase in the number of people bicycling for
recreation, many out-of-town bicyclists ride in the Parkville area.

D. The Parkville Police Department enforced traffic rules for bicycle riders
much more vigorously and began requiring recreational riders to pass a bicycle
safety course.

E. The Parkville Department of Transportation canceled a program that
required all bicycles to be inspected and registered each year

正确答案

D

题目解析

本题逻辑链:P市骑自行车的人多了–但自行车交通事故却减少了,问可能原因(支持逻辑链)

选项A:某部门拍卖被遗弃自行车卖给市民 无法解释原因,不选。

选项B:增加的机动车和巴士是机动车事故增长的主要原因。跟自行车无关,不选。

选项C:因为本地骑自行车的人多了,许多外地自行车爱好者也来了。只是增加了逻辑链前半段,对于解释矛盾毫无帮助。不选。

选项D:P市警察局加强了骑自行车的交通规则并开始要求骑车人通过自行车安全课程。支持,因为加强教育,所以大家都更注意安全了,因此事故减少。逻辑完成合理,正确选项。

选项E:P市交通部取消了一个要求所有自行车每年检查注册的项目。只会加重交通问题,无法解释事故减少,不选。

除了阅读逻辑机经,更有填空等价机经精彩内容 点击查看

【真题做法讲解】GMAT语法题中关于逻辑推理方面的比较题

GMAT语法SC题虽然主要考察的是语法,但作为GMAT考试的一部分,也贯彻了考试对于考生逻辑推理能力测试的主题,不少语法难题同样需要考生具备一定的逻辑推理分析能力才能顺利完成解答。比如语法题中比较常见的比较题就常常要用到一些逻辑推理。下面小编就通过一些实例讲解来为大家做具体分析。GMAT5大实用语法高分技巧介绍

【真题做法讲解】GMAT语法题中关于逻辑推理方面的比较题图1

为何GMAT语法比较题需要逻辑推理?

为什么说GMAT语法中的比较题会需要逻辑推理呢?这是因为比较题的比较对象最容易因为一些故意而为的句子而出现模棱两可的含义。以下面两个句子为例:

1. Chris runs faster than Mike, but Mike walks as fast as Chris.

2. Mike likes opera more than Chris.

第一句比较的对象从头到尾都是Chris和Mike,虽然比较的分别是跑步和走路这两个动作,但比较对象并没有发生变化。

而在第二句中,比较对象就出现了歧义。这句话既可以看成Mike比起喜欢Chris来更喜欢歌剧(比较对象是Chris和歌剧),又可以看成Mike比Chris更喜欢歌剧(比较对象是Mike和Chris)。这种模糊的句式,其本身在语法上是不存在任何错误的,如果出现在了GMAT语法题目中,考生就需要根据上下文其它内容来进行逻辑推理,才能确定正确的比较对象并找出正确选项。所以,GMAT语法比较题对于考生的逻辑推理能力是有一定要求的。秒解GMAT语法难题这些技巧要掌握

真题实例讲解比较题逻辑推理思路

实例1:

For parts of his life, Burroughs, a writer in self-imposed exile, and in a
similar way, Joyce lived a generation earlier, leaving Ireland and choosing
to
write about his homeland from a distance.

(A) Burroughs, a writer in self-imposed exile, and in a similar way, Joyce
lived a generation earlier, leaving Ireland and choosing

(B) Burroughs was a writer in self-imposed exile, close to the way that Joyce
lived a generation earlier, leaving Ireland and choosing

(C) Burroughs was a writer in self-imposed exile, somewhat as Joyce, who
lived a generation earlier, left Ireland and chose

(D) Burroughs was a writer in self-imposed exile; a generation earlier, Joyce
was a similar writer in self-imposed exile, leaving Ireland to choose

(E) a writer in self-imposed exile, Burroughs was similar to Joyce a
generation earlier, leaving Ireland and choosing

分析:

选项A存在比较上的逻辑错误。主要是比较先后的错误,从句意上应该是Burroughs像Joyce,而不是Joyce像Burroughs,就好比是你像你爸爸,而不是你爸爸像你的错误。

选项B同样存在对比逻辑错误。比较对象变成了Burroughs和the way that Joycy lived a generation
earlier,前者是人,后者是生活方式,用人和生活方式做比较不符合逻辑,所以错误。

选项C为正确选项,无论从语法还是逻辑上都没有问题。把Burroughs和Joyce两位流亡作家相比较,意思明确清晰。

选项D整个改变了句子的原意。句子本来是要比较两位作家,原句中并没有提到或者暗示两者在写作风格上存在相似之处。而D却通过similar
writer把这种意思表达了出来。两位作家相似在他们都是流亡作家,并不是写作风格。所以选项D错误。

选项E给人的感觉是Burroughs想Joyce那样离开了爱尔兰,这并不符合原句本身的含义,所以也是错误的。

【真题做法讲解】GMAT语法题中关于逻辑推理方面的比较题图2

实例2:

Many acids corrode many metals, such as iron and copper, and oxygen does the
same thing to them.

(A) Many acids corrode many metals, such as iron and copper, and oxygen
itself does the same thing to them.

(B) Like many acids, oxygen itself has a corrosive effect on many metals,
such as iron and copper

(C) Oxygen is like many acids in its ability to generate corrosive effect on
many metals, such as and copper.

(D) Many metals, such as iron and copper, are corroded by oxygen itself;
similarly, they are corroded by many acids.

(E) Corroding many metals, such as iron and copper, is a property of many
acids, and, like these acids, of oxygen itself.

分析:

选项A即原句本身语意不清,特别是does the same thing to
them,可以说是非常口语化且不严谨的表达方式,在GMAT考试中这样的表达方式往往直接就代表了不正确。

选项B比较非常清晰,把氧气和许多种酸做对比,句子逻辑结构合理,语法也不存在错误。所以是正确选项。

选项C虽然语法上不存在问题,但在语义表达和逻辑上却过于累赘,in its ability to generate corrosive
effects,那么啰嗦的一段话完全可以用can corrode来直接代替。所以选项C错误。

选项D使用了被动结构,首先,被动在GMAT考试中是需要慎用的一种结构,许多语法改错题的选项如果涉及到被动那么十有八九是错误的。其次,在这句话中,修辞方面也存在一定问题。从原句意思来看,句子想要表达出的潜台词应该是酸能腐蚀金属众所周知,而氧气能腐蚀金属可就有点出乎意料了。一般正常的表达类似概念的语序都是先把众所周知的事实放在前面,然后转折讲没想到的部分。而D的语序却是把出乎意料的部分放在了前面,所以修辞上是有瑕疵的。

选项E在句意表达和语序上简直一塌糊涂。把动作强行变成动名词来做主语,让整个句子都变得生硬牵强,无论从语法结构角度还是阅读舒适度来说都是非常糟糕的做法。所以选项E错误。

通过上面两个例子,相信大家都可以看出,学会逻辑推理对于解读GMAT语法比较题来说有多么重要。考生需要始终明确的一点是,无论GMAT考试中不同题型考察的考点和能力是什么,作为GMAT考试主旨的逻辑推理能力,才是真正贯穿整个考试的核心所在。大家不管解答什么题目,都必须学会通过逻辑推理来分析解题。