【备考每日练】最新GRE ARGUMENT作文题之公立教育

名师心血之作,考生必备最完美写作资料,让GRE作文更加完美,打造你的完美GRE分数,走过路过不要错过,命运掌握在自己手中,GRE掌握在自己手中,每日练一练,分数节节高,你值得拥有,且看且珍惜!GRE必胜!

【备考每日练】最新GRE ARGUMENT作文题之公立教育图1

每日一练

The following appeared in a letter to the editor of Parson City’s local
newspaper.

“In our region of Trillura, the majority of money spent on the schools that
most students attend—the city-run public schools—comes from taxes that each city
government collects. The region’s cities differ, however, in the budgetary
priority they give to public education. For example, both as a proportion of its
overall tax revenues and in absolute terms, Parson City has recently spent
almost twice as much per year as Blue City has for its public schools—even
though both cities have about the same number of residents. Clearly, Parson City
residents place a higher value on providing a good education in public schools
than Blue City residents do.”

题目要求

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to
evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen
the argument.

题目翻译

在Treehaven地区的每个城市,政府用于公立学校教育的开支大部分都是从政府征收的税收而来的。然而,该地区不同城市对公共教育的重视程度是不同的。举例而言,Parson市用于公立学校的预算通常是Blue市的两倍,尽管两城市居数量基本相同。因此,Parson市的居显然比Blue市居更关注公立学校教育。

【备考每日练】最新GRE ARGUMENT作文题之公立教育图2

题目分析

论断:P城的居民比B城更关心公立学校的教育。P城每年拨到公立学校的财政经费是B城的两倍,尽管两个城市的居民人数相同。

·B城收入可能比P城少五倍,这样他的教育经费所占的比例是P城的近三倍。

·P城的学生是B城的四倍,每个学生摊到的是只有B城的一半。钱花得多不一定就更关心,政府的态度与居民的态度不一定一致。

提纲分享

1、预算钱数不能反映重视程度。样本差异。应该比较在预算中占的比例。

2、居民数量一样不说明学生数量一样。

3、预算只是一部分,其他方式重视教育。

2015年最新GRE ARGUMENT作文每日一练(11月30日)

2015年最新GRE ARGUMENT作文每日一练(11月27日)

6大要素积极备考、突破SAT写作高分

就为大家整理了SAT写作高分六大备考要素,希望对同学们备考SAT写作有所帮助。

6大要素积极备考、突破SAT写作高分图1

学会研究SAT作文范文

他们真的非常重要,因为那是最权威的辅导资料!不是简单的熟读和背诵,而是逐字逐句的体会作者的意思及修辞。还有提醒一点,CB对范文的评论也都非常精彩,建议大家参考!这会非常有利于理解考试所考的重点。

要形成惯性思维

重要的是形成惯性思维,SAT写作考试时间很短,要想现场思考每句话的调理性真的是太难了,写得时候手指不停的运转,远远超过了大脑运转的速度,只有有充分思维准备的人,才能驾轻就熟,运用自如。

反复修改自己的文章

如果不勤修改自己的文章,就不知道自己原来的漏洞和不足在哪,闷头写,只能导致事倍功半当认真学习一段时间写作之后,再回头改第一篇习作,肯定会发现自己很多毛病,这说明:我们在进步!

6大要素积极备考、突破SAT写作高分图2

多参考别人的文章

那都是非常宝贵的学习,参考资料,看到别人的文章和写作思路,是提高自己水平的有效途径!建议大家看看版主们原来写的习作和互拍,真的会受益匪浅!

学会思考和总结,以及多多交流

多写不如多改,多改不如多想,当然这种想不是fantasy and day dream.二是针对写作思路和自我总结,听听大家的意见,有益无害。对别人的写作经验,可以有选择的吸收,以增强自己的写作能力。

必须要有自己的例子

例子这个东西,对于逻辑清楚,知道该从何处切入的人来说不需要准备太多,但是这样的人太少,所以我们大家在SAT写作备考的时候,另外一个需要花费的时间就是自己准备例子。

以上就是老师整理的关于SAT写作备考六大要素的总结,从作文考试所必须要精力的对SAT作文范文的参考,对例子的积累等内容都进行了分析。大家可以在备考自己的SAT作文考试的时候,进行适当的参考。最后注意SAT写作考试时间,只有备考时准备充分的学生,才能在SAT写作考试中拿到满意的成绩。

2018年雅思阅读评分标准分享 附名师备考攻略推荐

本文为大家带来以为雅思老师结合自己大量的教学经验总结的雅思阅读备考攻略的3大关键点。如何背词汇,如何选择备考资料,如何真正提升分数。希望能对处于雅思阅读备考的迷茫期和瓶颈期的同学有一定帮助。文末附上2018年雅思阅读评分标准。

2018年雅思阅读评分标准分享 附名师备考攻略推荐图1

雅思阅读究竟在考什么?有些考生认为在考词汇量,有些考生认为在考对文章的理解,有些考生认为在靠解题技巧。大家说的都不错,做好了以上任何一点,阅读成绩都能有所提升。但落实到具体备考过程中,面对大量的备考资料,很多学生却表现得顾此失彼。无论是学习积极,希望进一步冲分的考生,还是疲于应付,看书半小时就犯困的考生,都对“学习效率”提出了自己的要求,大家都希望用最短的时间,学最少的东西,解决最大的问题。我们平时在接受家长咨询的时候,被问及最多的,也是以下三个问题:

1、该背什么样的词汇书(背不背不好说,但一定要推荐最薄的一本)

2、选哪些雅思材料做题(真题集只有十二本,几天不就做完了)

3、怎样保证一定提分(你们的方法一定要对我家孩子有效)

在一部分家长们看来,入班测试、阶段考核、错题分析,这些并不重要,既然认准了这三点很重要,那就一定要我们拿出最简单粗暴的方案,不看过程,只要结果。

在此,我们也不妨用相对简单但绝对不粗暴的语言,把这三个问题或者说误区,帮各位考生及家长规整一下。

雅思阅读备考攻略之词汇

剑桥雅思真题集以往各册为统计,每套阅读(3篇,正文加题目)有效单词数为1332个(即不重复的单词数),而前九册总共出现的单词数,刚刚过8000。这就是说,一个雅思考生,如果单纯以词汇量为考量(假定所有的词组都认识),需要掌握到8000词汇,就能完全无障碍阅读。而如果只达到四级水平(约4500词),刨去专有名词,竟也有将近八成以上的单词认知率。

所以很多考生在准备雅思阅读时最大的误区,就是自认为自己已经具备了4500的词汇量,而当前最大的任务,把剩下的3500攻克掉就可以了。

这是彻底的本末倒置。在真实教学过程中,学生会发现,有难度的词汇,并不在那些低频的难词上,而在于那些高频,但自己却不能准确说出意思的词汇上。具体表现如下:

1、仅仅知道单词的原始义,而不了解其扩充义

比如given(介词)和providing(连词),在阅读中出现频次很高,通常位置在句首,表示“以……为条件”,很多学生会毫不犹豫翻译成“给”,即使语句完全不通畅,也不会怀疑到这些基本词的翻译上,而是进一步扭曲句义。

2、仅仅认识单词,却不了解词组的含义

比如in that(因为,而不应翻译成“在那个“)fail to(未能,而不应翻译成“失败去”)stand to
be(很可能,而不应翻译成“站着是”)

3、盲目扩充单词量,却忽视了单词的考点

在写作部分,很多考生会主动为一些词汇寻找替换词,因为官方给定的评分标准中明确了词汇使用的“精确性“和”多样性“。殊不知,阅读部分虽然没有给出过”出题标准“,但事实上,单词的近义替换(paraphrasing)向来是阅读考点的重中之重。所以,当你一遍又一遍地在试图拼写camouflage(伪装)的时候,为什么不去总结一下,表示”错误“”假的“都有哪些词汇呢?

所以回到一开始的问题,当前学生需要哪本词汇书呢?想必大家都有答案了,词汇书并不重要,甚至不需要,重要的是方法:能意识到自己的问题,肯大胆质疑自己的理解,小心求证每一个单词和词组的精准翻译,并能够从近义替换的层面上扩充单词,这样任何一篇文章拿来,都能研究两三天,这种进步才真实牢靠。

雅思阅读备考攻略之教材

剑桥雅思真题集是不是一套好教材?答案是肯定的,市面上没有任何模拟题,从难度设定到题型分配上,能够达到真题集的高度。

然而真题集并不是对所有学生都适用的。对于基础薄弱的考生而言,放眼望去,每一段阅读文章都有大片的生词,的确不是一种太好的体验。过去我们采取的方法是高密度灌输,老师做习题展示,学生跟做练习,这对于中国学生来说是最容易接受的学习方式,但它有个天敌:上课走神。随着雅思考生的不断低龄化,以及备考生的注意力愈发被信息化通讯工具所牵制,我们逐渐意识到,“走神“的频率,与教材的难度恰好成正比。

于是新东方在2015年推出了主要针对中低起点考生能力complete
IELTS系列教材,淡化了听读写说的分项教学,转而以话题为单元,帮学生在夯实基础的过程中,以片段的形式让学生逐步了解雅思考试

换句话说,传统的剑桥雅思真题集,直接用的是考试试卷,需要让任何基础的考生直接跃迁到同一难度来听课和学习,老师也习惯于在课堂上讲授学生所未知的内容。而complete
IELTS,前几单元看似简单,但其恰好在帮助所有级别的学生梳理其已经掌握的知识,从而在出现问题的那一单元开始进行深入学习。

然而,由于很多家长对自家孩子的情况的了解与学生的真实能力并不对称,每当我们跟家长提出孩子的基础问题,需要一段较长时期的学习来查漏补缺时,总会遇到一些情绪的反弹,感觉新东方作为以技巧指导出名的机构,总应该有一些短平快的手段让低起点的学生快速提分。

这一点我们需要家长们先做好自己的心理工作,毕竟对于自家孩子来说,学习的成就感远比莫名的恐慌更能帮助学生进步。剑桥雅思真题集是所有学生备考的终点,但根据考生自己的能力考虑是否需要增加基础段的学习,以及设定好基础段的学习方案,才不会白白浪费冲刺段的时间和金钱。

雅思阅读备考攻略之提分方法

我们已经在多年的教学中给学生们成功灌输了一个观念:不要试图去纠正每一个错误。对于雅思考试而言,学生的扣分点应该分成两种,一种是“固化错误”,主要体现在发音、语法和单词拼写上,由于积习难返,这些问题很难在短期内完全克服。好在对于雅思而言,这类固化错误不会成为太大的失分点,老师们通常建议学生主动略过,而是关注另一种扣分点:“发展性错误”,即为短期内通过强化可以提分的内容。

很多学生自己能意识到自己存在口音,比如n和l不分,s和sh不分,于是每天下很大功夫去纠正自己的发音,即使在考前一周也不放过。他们的理由是,发音是口语评定标准的四分之一,口音太重会被扣分。

这样的理解并不正确,往小了说,官方指南给出过说明,每一个考生都或多或少有口音,只要不花费考官太大的努力去理解,口音并不是扣分点,然而真正在“发音”部分作为重点考核的,比如重音、断句、语调,却偏偏被考生选择性失明了。往大了说,口语评分标准不仅“发音”这一项,考生对于话题的熟悉连贯和表达的流利度也是个关键,但我们经常看到学生在考前一天捧着所谓的模板练习发音,却不常见考生把近几次考试的高频考题找出来完整地串一遍。结果考试现场,发音是否标准不计,回答问题支支吾吾,很多单词还得现想,这就是典型的抓小放大。

同理,在阅读层面上,我们经常遇到学生抱怨分不清判断题的False和Not
Given,或者填空题一个空填不填定语,因此在上课时宁可花半小时跟老师辩论。我们也希望这样的学生理解,判断题和填空题的确是阅读题的重点题型,但绝不是每一个题都存在争议,更不是说每一个题都需要上升到逻辑层面上去辨析。

一个优秀的考生,首先要做到的一件事就是清楚一次阅读考试40个题,按照自己的能力,有多少比例的题确定一定能做对,而剩下的少数题,按照老师所讲解的步骤,如何利用最短的时间进行答案的排查,最后一两个存在争议的题,即使全都做错亦或是空着,也不影响自己获得7.5以上的分数。简言之,在有效时间内,确保最大的得分可能。

以上就是小编为大家带来的《2018年雅思阅读评分标准分享

【雅思趣味阅读】quora内容精选旅行篇:辞职,背包,走世界?(III)

但凡有点小清新的人,一定会被这样的语言打动:一场说走就走的旅行。读起来,特别正能量,可是经不起思量。家庭怎么办?工作怎么办?当很多人还在为一个bearable的生存而孜孜奋斗时,这场没有限期的普通人的徒步旅行如何为继呢?看看这对年轻的夫妻吧。

【雅思趣味阅读】quora内容精选旅行篇:辞职,背包,走世界?(III)图1

辞职,背包,走世界?(III)

Travelling as living

We don’t want to just visit places, or rush to as many places as possible in
a short period. We plan to actually live our life on the road.

把旅游当成生活。从不为了旅游而旅游。活在路上

Hiking/Trekking/Cycling

We enjoyed these activities a lot even when we were working. On the road, we
are free to hike into mountains whenever there is one. In Yunnan province we did
an epic thru-hike for 18 days with the highest point of 4900m. Although most
hikers don’t prefer walking on the road, we actually enjoy it as much. The world
is actually a very small place we figured. At this rate, we will cover
7000km(4000 miles) a year, and in 5 years we will walk the circumference of the
earth. I told my wife, half jokingly:”The world is too tiny to be wasted on
wheels.”

远足与骑行。在任何地方都可以自由的跋涉。这个世界太小,小到不该浪费在车轮上。

Reading

On the road or in the trail, when we are not talking to each other, or not
admiring the sights or landscapes, we listen to audiobooks or iTunes U courses
we downloaded. We found it’s a great way and most efficient to spend the time.
Adding with our night time readings, within a month, we finish at least eight
titles. Reading gives us great insights to nearly everything, almost as much as
traveling itself. Books about local history and culture enriches the traveling
experience while more importantly, reveals the deeper meanings inside of things
around us and clears the bias and prejudices we previously hold.

听电子书,作为步行时的阅读,这是一种非常有效率的方式。白天的旅行和夜晚的阅读,同样地重要,同样的丰富着我们的知识和灵魂。

Writing/Drawing

I write and my wife draws, whenever we have a day off the road and find
ourselves spending time in a quiet and peaceful place such as a beach, a food
stall or a tea hut. We both started fresh, and by now we each have quite a few
works done. Hopefully we can find us experienced and creative enough to achieve
something.

我写作,她绘画,当时间恰当时。

Understanding the world and the people

Spending a lengthy period in a culture gives us an advantage to understand
it. Although I can only speak some daily phrases now to bargain in a local
market in Vietnam, still, it gets me closer to the vietnamese people. The books
about Vietnam I’ve read on the road equip me with some extended
knowledge(compared to the short paragraphs in lonely planet guidebooks) to
enable me to appreciate the art, architecture and music and to understand the
culture and the people, especially their feelings.

在当地待上足够长时间,更利于了解当地文化,读懂当地人的情感。

Traveling like this improves one’s sensibility and empathy. You are not just
dealing with people in the tourism industry or fellow travelers. You meet real
local people, people who speak no English or your own language, who have never
travelled outside of their own village. When some levels of communication could
be built up upon your encounter, you realize while the cultural difference could
be vast, we are all humans, we share a great deal of common emotions,
sympathies, and excitements. People deserve to be understood and empathized
with, way better than they currently are. And this realization motivates us to
explore more, improve our language skills, and share our understandings with
fellow countrymen or our communities.

一段完美的关于the beauty of travel的表白和感悟。

I am looking forward to visit the rest of the world like this, it brings me
joy and fulfillment.

他们的下一站是日本。Be safe and good luck.

2018年5月22日SAT数学每日练习题(daily practice)

为广大SATer带来2018年5月22日的SAT数学每日一练,考察一元一次方程的应用题,难度较小。配有答案,解析,众考生,慢慢操练吧。文末附2018SAT数学考点清单。

2018年5月22日SAT数学每日练习题(daily practice)图1

Hailey’s laundry basket contains 7 shirts. These 7 shirts account for
approximately 21% of Hailey’s total number of shirts. How many shirts does
Hailey have in total?

A.2 B.3 C.26 D.33

答案:D

解析:

题干翻译:衣服篓里有7件衬衫,他们大约占Hailey衬衫的21%。请问Hailey总共有多少衬衫?

Choice D is correct. Let T represent Hailey’s total number of shirts. If 21%
of Hailey’s total number of shirts is 7, then the following equation can be
written: 0.21·T=7

To solve for T, multiply both sides of the equation by 0.21. The value of T
is 33.3. Because 21% represented an approximate portion of the total number of
socks, the value found for T is not an exact amount. Therefore, the best answer
for the Hailey’s total number of shirts is 33.

The total number of shirts is 33.

SAT数学考点清单

列一次等式、不等式,解方程。需要注意的是二元一次方程的解的情况,线性规划问题,含绝对值的不等式等;

比率、比例、百分数、单位换算、利率问题;数据分析可以分为四大板块看,即各种图表的数据描述、抽样和实验等获取数据的方法、概率计算、数据估计等;

多项式及其分解因式、二次方程、二次函数、分式计算、无理式计算,函数图形及相关性质,复合函数;

平面几何和简单的立体图形(包括相似三角形),角的定义的扩展、角度制和弧度制、直角三角形中三角函数的定义,圆的解析式,弧长和扇形面积的计算,复数定义及运算。

以上就是小编为大家带来的《2018年5月22日SAT数学每日练习题(daily

2017软科世界大学一流学科排名 冶金工程Metallurgical Engineering专业

冶金工程专业是一门研究从矿石中提取有价金属或其化合物并进行加工成有良好使用性能材料的应用性学科,培养的是冶金工程领域科学研究与开发应用、工程设计与实施、技术攻关与技术改造、新技术推广与应用、工程规划与冶金企业管理等方面的专门人才。

就业前景:

据可靠资料,到2012年底中国仅有40多所高校开设冶金工程专业,每年培养的专业人才仅3000-5000人左右非常有限,而市场需求量又特别大。有关统计数据显示,市场对冶金工程专业人才的需求是实际该专业毕业生人数的数倍。如此大的市场需求也为该专业的学子提供了广阔的就业前景。

2017软科世界大学一流学科排名 冶金工程Metallurgical Engineering专业图1

由于冶金工程专业培养的学生基础宽厚、理论扎实、技能全面,同时,又具备冶金和金属材料加工等方面的知识和技能。加之,冶金行业属于国民经济的基础和支柱产业之一,因而,毕业生择业面宽,适应能力强。毕业生可以到冶金、化工、材料、环境保护及其相关行业的生产、科研和管理部门从事生产技术管理、工程设计、技术开发、新型结构材料和功能材料的研制和开发等工作,也可以到高等院校和高等职业学校从事专业教学工作。祖国蓬勃的建设事业需要冶金工程方面大量的专业人才,众多的钢铁冶金,有色金属冶金企业等都是学子们一展身手的好地方。

随着现代科技的迅猛发展,该专业对从业人员的综合素质也提出了较高的要求,如计算机控制技术在冶金工程领域的广泛应用,也就使得学生在大学里就要逐步接触并掌握到丰富而实用的计算机知识。另外,该领域在国内的发展与国外先进技术的交流也日益频繁,对学生外语的使用也提出了相当高的要求。

就业方向:

毕业生适合到大中型冶金企业、冶金相关设备制造、冶金原辅材料生产销售等行业从事产品设计、生产、技术开发、生产组织和管理、产品销售、科学研究等方面的工作.

冶金工程学科排名中,中南大学、北京科技大学和哈尔滨工业大学分列三甲。

ARWU冶金工程(Metallurgical Engineering)专业排行榜:

排名

学校英文名

学校名称

国家

1

Central
South University

中南大学

中国

2

University
of Science and Technology Beijing

北京科技大学

中国

3

Harbin
Institute of Technology

哈尔滨工业大学

中国

4

Northwestern
Polytechnical University

西北工业大学

中国

5

Tohoku
University

东北大学(日本)

日本

6

Northeastern
University(China)

东北大学

中国

7

Pohang
University of Science and Technology

浦项理工大学

韩国

8

Shanghai
Jiao Tong University

上海交通大学

中国

9

Monash
University

莫纳什大学

澳大利亚

10

University
of Tennessee – Knoxville

田纳西大学诺克斯维尔

美国

11

Tsinghua
University

清华大学

中国

12

Chongqing
University

重庆大学

中国

13

Université Grenoble Alpes

格勒诺布尔大学

法国

14

Beihang
University

北京航空航天大学

中国

15

Xian
Jiao Tong University

西安交通大学

中国

16

The
University of Queensland

昆士兰大学

澳大利亚

17

RWTH
Aachen University

亚琛工业大学

德国

18

Huazhong
University of Science and Technology

华中科技大学

中国

19

The
University of Manchester

曼彻斯特大学

英国

19

University
of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

伊利诺伊大学厄巴纳香槟分校

美国

21

Zhejiang
University

浙江大学

中国

22

Indian
Institute of Science

印度科学理工学院

印度

23

University
of Southern California

南加州大学

美国

24

University
of Southampton

南安普敦大学

英国

25

The
Ohio State University – Columbus

俄亥俄州立大学哥伦布

美国

26

City
University of Hong Kong

香港城市大学

中国香港

27

University
of Tehran

德黑兰大学

伊朗

28

Osaka
University

大阪大学

日本

29

University
of Cambridge

剑桥大学

英国

30

University
of Oxford

牛津大学

英国

31

Karlsruhe
Institute of Technology (KIT)

卡尔斯鲁厄理工学院

德国

32

Northwestern
University

西北大学(美国)

美国

33

TU
Dresden

德累斯顿工业大学

德国

34

University
of Leoben

莱奥本大学

奥地利

35

Institut
National Polytechnique de Grenoble

格勒诺布尔国立理工学院

法国

36

University
of Sydney

悉尼大学

澳大利亚

37

Kyushu
University

九州大学

日本

38

McGill
University

麦吉尔大学

加拿大

39

Texas
A&M University

德州农工大学

美国

40

Deakin
University

迪肯大学

澳大利亚

41

The
Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine

伦敦帝国学院

英国

42

National
Tsing Hua University

台湾清华大学

中国台湾

42

University
of Chicago

芝加哥大学

美国

44

Jilin
University

吉林大学

中国

45

Shanghai
University

上海大学

中国

46

Norwegian
University of Science and Technology – NTNU

挪威科学技术大学

挪威

47

Massachusetts
Institute of Technology (MIT)

麻省理工学院

美国

48

Delft
University of Technology

代尔夫特理工大学

荷兰

49

Pennsylvania
State University – University Park

宾夕法尼亚州立大学大学城

美国

49

Shandong
University

山东大学

中国

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【新手必看】GMAT语法备考入门初期3大考点特征科普

备考GMAT语法前,考生首先要对GMAT语法的一些基础知识和特点有所了解。只有建立在此基础上的备考复习才是有成效而不盲目的。下面小编来为大家介绍GMAT语法的三大类基础知识以及考试相关的一些特点。

【新手必看】GMAT语法备考入门初期3大考点特征科普图1

GMAT语法三大考点

语法规则,词汇的正确使用,逻辑表达。

GMAT语法三大特征

1. 考点相对单一,GMAT语法主要考察学生基本的英语语法点,如平行结构,比较结构,逻辑主语,代词等,还考察学生对于常见英语单词搭配的掌握;

2.
GMAT考试中的语法题目规律性强,比如,maybe之类的较口语化的词语出现在句子中一定是错误的表达,like在GMAT语法考试中只能用作比较,不能用于举例;

3. GMAT语法出现的句子句式复杂,难句多,常见的句子复杂化手段有平行结构,同位语,从句,倒装等。

GMAT语法备考三阶段

1. 不完全知道所有的游戏规则。

2. 知道所有的游戏规则,分不清哪个要坚守,哪个可退而其次。

3. 熟知所有的游戏规则,且掌握了更高深的可退可进的抉择要义。

这三种情况对应了考生对语法的GMAT考试难度的认知状态。

关于GMAT语法的基础知识和特点就为大家介绍到这里,希望各位考生都能对GMAT语法有一个比较清晰全面的认识,做好充分的备考工作。

【雅思单词】盘点那些容易记错与拼错的雅思词汇

【雅思单词】盘点那些容易记错与拼错的雅思词汇图1

小站前言:在雅思词汇里,有一些词汇是“看起来很像,听上去很像,但意思完全不同”的。对于考生的背诵来说十分具有迷惑性,那么在雅思词汇里,哪些单词具有这样的“迷惑性”呢?在下文中,小站老师就来给大家整理一下比较容易记错与混淆的雅思词汇吧。

Accept vs. Except
Accept(动词) – to receive 接受;同意;承认;
例句:I accepted all my birthday gifts with gratitude.
Except (连词) – apart from; otherwise than; were it not true 把…除外;除非;
例句:When Susan travels, she packs everything except the kitchen sink.

Affect vs. Effect
Affect(动词)– to have an effect on; influence; produce a change in; to stir the emotions 影响;感染;感动;
例句:The dog’s death affected his owners.
Effect (名词) – anything brought about by a cause or agent; result 效果;影响;印象;
例句:The new speed limit law had little effect on the speed of the motorists.

All Intensive Purposes vs. All Intents and Purposes
“All intensive purpose” is an incorrect use of the phrase “all intents and purposes.”  错误用法
“All intents and purposes” is a phrase that means “for all practical purposes” or “under most usual situations.” 无论从哪点来看
例句:For all intents and purpose, she planned to buy the refrigerator but still wanted to check the reviews.

A Lot vs. Allot
A lot(名词短语)-many  很多,多量
例句:A lot of people came to the party.
*”A lot” is always two separate words. “Alot” is not a real word.
Allot (动词) – to distribute, give or assign  拨给; 分配,摊派给; 分派,派给;
例句:Fifteen minutes were allotted to each of the speakers at the conference.

Allusion vs. Illusion
Allusion(名词)– an indirect reference   典故; 影射; 暗指,间接提到;
例句:The Austin Powers movies often make allusions to the James Bond films.
Illusion (名词) – a false idea or conception; belief or opinion not in accord with the facts; an unreal, deceptive, or misleading appearance or image  错觉; 幻想; 假象; 错误观念;
例句:The magician created the illusion that he was levitating.

Awhile vs. A While
Awhile (adv) – for a while; for a short time 暂时,片刻;
例句:The guests planned to stay awhile.
A while(名词)- for a short time; when while is used as the object of the preposition (for a while) then the “a” is separated from the “while” 一会儿
例句:The guests planned to stay for a while.

Bad vs. Badly
Bad (adj) – not good 坏的,不好的; 严重的; 不舒服的; 低劣的,有害的;
例句:Your feet smell bad.
Badly (adv) – not well; in a bad manner; harmfully; incorrectly; wickedly; unpleasantly   非常,在很大程度上; 坏,拙劣地; 不利地,有害地;
例句:Charlotte plays tennis very badly.
例句:The people involved in the accident were badly hurt.

*Here, a note. Adjectives generally describe nouns, so even if you use the word “bad” following a verb in a sentence, if it’s meant to describe the thing itself, then use the adjective. “Bad” here means the same as “rotten,” “rancid” or “stinky,” all of which are adjectives. If you can replace “bad” with another adjective and still have a sentence that makes sense, then you know that “bad” was the correct choice. Adverbs often describe the manner in which something is done. To say, “your feet smell badly” is to say that your feet are inhaling through the nose and perceiving odors, and that they’re going about it all wrong.

Borrow vs. Lend
Borrow(动词)– to take or accept something for a short time with the intention of returning it to its rightful owner  借入; 借钱,借用;
例句:May I borrow a pencil, please?
Lend(动词)– to give something for a short time with the intention of getting it back  把…借给; 贷(款); 贡献,给予; 适于;
例句:Would you please lend me a pencil?

Breath vs. Breathe
Breath (名词) – air taken into the lungs and then let out  呼吸; 一口气; 呼吸力; 微量;
例句:Take a deep breath.
Breathe (动词) – to inhale and exhale  呼吸; 吸气呼气;
例句:Just calm down and breathe.

Cache vs. Cash
Cache(名词)– a safe place to store supplies; anything stored or hidden in such a place 藏物处; 隐藏处;
例句:The hikers found a cache with some cash and jewels.
Cash(名词)– money, coins, bills; currency  现金
例句:ATM machines dispense cash.

Complement vs. Compliment
Complement (名词) – that which completes or brings to perfection; 补充; 补足语; 补充物;
(动词) – to make complete  补足,补充; 补助;
例句:Red wine is a nice complement to a steak dinner.
Compliment(名词)– something said in admiration, praise, or flattery; 恭维; 敬意; 道贺,贺词; 致意;
动词)– to pay a compliment to; congratulate  称赞; 向…道贺; 向…致意;
例句:She gave me a nice compliment when she said I looked thin.

Comprise vs. Compose
Comprise(动词)– to include; to contain; to consist of; to be composed of  包含,包括; 由…组成; 由…构成;
例句:The state of North Carolina comprises 100 counties.
Compose(动词)– to form in combination; make up; constitute   组成,构成; 创作;构图;
例句:One hundred counties compose the state of North Carolina.

Desert vs. Dessert
Desert(动词)– to forsake or abandon; to leave without permission; to fail when needed  放弃;遗弃;
例句:Soldiers should not desert their posts.
Desert(名词)– dry, barren, sandy region  沙漠; 荒地;
例句:The largest desert in the world is the Sahara.
Dessert(名词)– a sweet course served at the end of a meal  甜点; 餐后甜食;
例句:Fruit makes a healthy dessert after lunch or dinner.

Done vs. Did
Done (adj) – completed; sufficiently cooked; socially acceptable  已完成的;煮熟的; 合乎规矩的;
Done(动词)– the past participle of do   do的过去分词
例句:After an hour, the roast was done.
Did (动词) – past tense of do  do的过去式
例句:The children did not want to leave the playground.

Elicit vs. Illicit
Elicit (verb) – to draw forth; evoke  引出,探出; 诱出
例句:The teacher elicited answers from the students.
Illicit (adjective) – unlawful; illegal  不正当的; 法律不许可的,非法的;
例句:The teacher discovered illicit drugs in a student’s desk.

Fair to Midland vs. Fair to Middling
Fair to midland – an incorrect use of the phrase “fair to middling”  错误用法
Fair to middling (phrase) – something that is moderate to average in quality  过得去,马马虎虎;
例句:The temperature was fair to middling today.

Had Bought vs. Had Boughten
Had Bought (verb) – the past perfect tense of the verb buy
例句:The teacher had bought Christmas presents for all of students early in the year.
Had Boughten – incorrect usage of the past perfect tense

Hone vs. Home
Hone (verb) – to sharpen; to yearn or long for; to grumble or moan
例句:Practicing the piano daily is a good way to hone your skills.
Home (noun) – dwelling; place where a person lives
例句:After the long drive, we were all ready to be home and asleep.

Imitated vs. Intimated
Imitated (verb) – past tense of the verb imitate, which means to seek to follow the example of; impersonate; mimic
例句:The toddler imitated the dog by crawling on hands and knees and barking.
Intimated (verb) – to make known indirectly; to hint or imply
例句:The pirate intimated that he knew where the treasure was buried.

In a Sense vs. In Essence
In a sense (idiom) – in a way; in one way of looking at it
例句:In a sense, computers have been a boon to society.
In essence (idiom) – by nature; essentially
例句:The cat is, in essence, quiet and timid.

In One Foul Swoop vs. In One Fell Swoop
In one foul swoop – an incorrect use of the phrase “in one fell swoop”
In one fell swoop – a phrase meaning “all at once”
例句:In one fell swoop, the toy was demolished by the child.

Its vs. It’s
Its (possessive pronoun) – of, belonging to, made by, or done by it
例句:The dog will only eat its food when I am also eating.
It’s (contraction) of it + is
例句:It’s a very strange dog.

I Could Of vs. I Could Have
I could of – an incorrect use of the verb phrase could have; when written as a contraction “could’ve” sounds like “could of.”
I could have – is the past perfect tense of the verb could
例句:I could have gone to the play, but I had to study that night

I Should of vs. I Should Have
I should of – an incorrect use of the verb phrase should have; when written as a contraction “should’ve” sounds like “should of.”
I should have – is the past perfect tense of the verb should
例句:I should have gone to the play instead of study because I failed my test anyway.

I Would Of vs. I Would Have
I would of – an incorrect use of the verb phrase would have; when written as a contraction “would’ve” sounds like “would of.”
I would have – is the past perfect tense of the verb would
例句:I would have gone to the play except my car wouldn’t start.

Lead vs. Led
Lead (noun) – a heavy, soft, malleable, bluish-gray metallic chemical element used in batteries and in numerous alloys and compounds
例句:I think it was Mrs. White in the billiard room with the lead pipe.
Led (verb) – past tense and past participle of the verb “to lead”
例句:The two coaches have each led their teams to numerous championships.

Lose vs. Loose
Lose (verb) – to become unable to find; to mislay; to fail to win or gain
例句:Did you lose your glasses again?
例句:How many games did your team lose last season?
Loose (adjective) – not tight; giving enough room
例句:I’ve lost twenty pounds, and now these jeans are really loose.

More/Most Importantly vs. More/Most Important
More/most importantly – a phrase used often in writing to show emphasis; however, many grammarians insist that this is not correct usage. The adverbial ending of -ly is not needed.
More/most important – this phrase should be used instead
例句:The most important part of story is the ending.

Passed vs. Past
Passed (verb) – past tense of the verb “to pass”
例句:I think we passed the store. Let’s turn around and go back.
Past (adjective) – of a former time; bygone; (noun) – the time that has gone by; days, months, or years gone by
例句:In the past, I’ve gotten lost a lot, but this time I know where we are.

Precede vs. Proceed
Precede (verb) – to be, come, or go before in time, place, order, rank, or importance
例句:The election of a new president precedes his inauguration.
Proceed (verb) – to advance or go on, especially after stopping
例句:After your first assignment has been completed and approved, you may proceed to the second one.

Principal vs. Principle
Principal (noun) – a governing or presiding officer, specifically of a school; (adjective) – first in rank, authority, importance, degree, etc.
例句:The student’s parents had to have a meeting with the principal.
Principle (noun) – a fundamental truth, law, doctrine, or motivating force, upon which others are based
例句:The student’s parents thought that they had instilled stronger moral principles in their son.

Seen vs. Saw
Seen (verb) – past participle of the verb see; must be used with the verbs has, have, or had
例句:I have seen the movie three times.
*Note: I seen the movie three times is not correct though it is commonly used in spoken language.
Saw (verb) – past tense of the verb see
例句:I saw the movie yesterday.

Sell vs. Sale
Sell (verb) – to give up, deliver or exchange for money
例句:People who move often sell unwanted items instead of packing them.
Sale (noun) – the act of selling; the work, department, etc. of selling
例句:After Christmas sales always bring in the bargain shoppers.

Site vs. Sight
Sight (noun) – something seen, a view, field of vision
例句:She was a sight for sore eyes.
Site (noun) – a piece of land considered for a specific purpose
例句:The corner lot was a perfect site for the new shopping center.

Stationary vs. Stationery
Stationary (adjective) – not moving or not movable; fixed or still
例句:I rode the stationary bike at the gym for an hour.
Stationery (noun) – writing materials; specifically, paper and envelopes used for letters
例句:My grandmother has given me a lot of stationery over the years. I think she wants me to use it to write her.

Taut vs Taunt
Taut (adjective) – tightly stretched; showing strain; tidy or well-disciplined
例句:The taut rope held the luggage to the roof.
Taunt (verb) – to reproach in scornful or sarcastic language; to drive or provoke
例句:The home team taunted the visitors with cheers every time the visiting team made an error.

Than vs. Then
Than (conjunction) – used to introduce the second element in a comparison
例句:My right foot is bigger than my left foot.
Then (adverb) – at that time; next in order; (adjective) – of that time; (noun) – that time
例句:Take off all your clothes first. Then get in the shower.
例句:Emily drove up to New York with her then boyfriend, Nick.
例句:Let’s wait until we’re hungry; we can decide what we want to eat then.

Their vs. There vs. They’re
Their (adjective) – of, belonging to, made by, or done by them
例句:They were proud of their work.
There (noun) – that place or point
例句:Just put it over there.
They’re (contraction) of they + are
例句:They’re going out to dinner tonight.

To vs. Too vs. Two
To (preposition) – in the direction of and reaching; as far as; to the extent of
例句:I’m going to Baltimore.
Too (adverb) – in addition; as well; besides; also; more than enough; superfluously; overly; to a regrettable extent; extremely
例句:I’m going to Baltimore, too.
I’m too busy. I can’t go to Baltimore.
Two (adjective) the number 2
例句:I have two jobs.

Your vs. You’re
Your (adjective) – belonging to you
例句:Is this your dog?
You’re (contraction) – you are
例句:You’re a great mother!

Who vs. Whom
Who (subject pronoun) what or which person or persons; the person or persons that, or a person that (used to introduce a relative clause)
例句:Who is going to the party with you?
Whom (object pronoun) – what or which person or persons; the person or persons that, or a person that (used to introduce a relative clause)
例句:With whom are you going to the party?

【高分经验】对待所有学员都一视同仁

徐铭:University of Connecticut-Storrs 康涅狄格大学(美国排名63)

托福:94分 R26+L22+S23+W23

英语基础:高中水平

目标分值:保90分

提高分值:36分

培训老师:培训师

课程时间:72课时一个月

所在城市:云南

我在昆明上过好几个英语班效果都不理想,后来在网上看到,选择了72课时的总监教师课程。

阅读老师Lynn是我最喜欢的,讲得很好也很会找到我的问题;听力刚开始只看着TPO文本效果很差,换了老师后bernie很乐于助人,找词典;写作老师的资料都很好,准备都很充分,不过我的综合写作还要再努力一下。

【实例讲解】托福写作文章中的虚拟语气的使用方法

托福写作的过程中,大家除了需要清楚的构思出逻辑框架之外,当然也需要学会使用一些精美的句型,从中表现自己的语言表述能力。而这样的情况下,学会虚拟语气的合理使用,会给你带来很大的帮助。

【实例讲解】托福写作文章中的虚拟语气的使用方法图1

在写托福作文的时候,希望大家举例的时候能够写实例,因为实例有它的特指性和唯一行,当然,如果实在你没有经历过,在举例虚拟一个场景的时候,
if起头,就不要弄错了。大家在举例的时候常常会这么说“如果………”,”假设………..”,即if………

先不说这种举例的好还是坏,就本身的句子而言,很多都是有问题的.

托福写作辅导总结了一些if的用法,大家考前看看

先看两个托福作文例子:

[Scenery]Sue has lost her watch. She think it may be at Ann’s house.

SUE: I think I left my watch at your house. Have you seen it?

(1) ANN: no, but I’ll have a look when I get home. If I find it, I’ll tell
you.

If I find…., I’ll……

(2) Ann says: If I found a wallet in the street, I’d take it to the
police.

If I found……, I’d(=I would)……..(而不是if I find, I’ll…..)

这里两个句子有着不同的意思,前者表示Ann觉得她有找到手表的真实可能性.因此才说if I find….., I’ll…..

而后者是完全不同的情况.在这里Ann没有考虑真实的可能性;她在虚拟这一个托福 作文 情景,并不认为真的可以在街上拣到手表.于是才说:if I
found……,I’d……

if I do……….和if I did………的区别

用if+过去式(if I found / if you were / if we didn’t等) 表示虚拟的事情,而不是指过去时间发生的事情:

What would you do if you won a million pounds?

I don’t really want to go to their party, but I probably will go. They’d be
offended if I didn’t go

Sarah has decided not to apply for the job. She isn’t really qualified for
it, so she probably wouldn’t get it if she applied.

If从句中一般不用would:

I’d be very frightened if somebody pointed a gun at me.(而非if somebody would
point)

If I didn’t go to their party, they’d be offended(而非if I wouldn’t go)

If …….would可以表示用来请求某人做某事:

I would be grateful if you would send me your brochure as soon as
possible.

“Shall I close the door?” “yes, please, If you would.”

Would(‘d) / wouldn’t用于句子的主句(不是if从句)

If you took more exercise, you’d (=you would) probably feel healthier.

Would you mind if I used your phone?

I’m not tired enough to go to bed yet. I wouldn’t sleep.

【实例讲解】托福写作文章中的虚拟语气的使用方法图2

另外,if引导的条件句也能引起倒装,如果要是在作文里用到,也是一个加分点:

先看正常语序.

It would be a serious setback, if the talks were to fail.

If you should need more information, please telephone our main office.

If Alex had asked, I would have been able to help.

倒装是要省略if

it would be a serious setback, were the talks to fail.

Should you need more information, please telephone our main office.

Had Alex asked, I would have been able to help

倒装句比if-从句更加正式.

但是在否定句里面,不可以用缩写

e.g.

Had he not resigned, we should have been forced to sack him(不用hadn’t
he…..)

再多说一下,在新托福写作中,希望大家举例的时候能够写实例,因为实例有它的特指性和唯一行,当然,如果实在你没有经历过,在举例虚拟一个场景的时候,
if起头,就不要弄错了。