澳洲签证GTE 如何填写才不会拒签?

  你以为拿到offer,递交了签证就可以安安心心的打包行李准备出国了吗?

  最近2017年7月入学澳洲的孩纸都在陆陆续续地准备签证了哦,是不是都遇到了一个GTE的问题(顺便提醒同学们澳洲开学前3个月就可以递交签证了哦)。

  

  了解过澳洲留学的童鞋们应该都听说过GTE,虽然今年我们中国已经进入一阶梯队,不再被强制要求提供许多附加文件(比如资金证明和语言证明),但是GTE这个让人头疼的调查却不可避免。那么今天小编就来解答几个关于GTE的常见问题,告诉大家这个文件到底应该肿么写~~~~

  什么是GTE?

  GTE: 全称GenuineTemporary

  Entrant,字面意思算是清楚明了,就是真实的(genuine)短期(temporary)入境者(entrant)。

  所以GTE这篇文章的目的就是阐明入境意图(学习),解释自己只会短期停留。

  GTE涉及哪些问题呢?

  NO.1为什么选择澳大利亚?

  这类问题基本形式是:

  ·

  为什么会选择澳大利亚?

  ·

  为什么不选择其他国家or留在国内?

  ·

  有否来澳经历?

  标准答案:

  回答这类问题的时候可以说中国和澳大利亚教育体制不同、教学方式不同、有利于英语语言学习;生活方面可以说一说自然环境、安全、学习氛围等。

  NO.2关于学校和专业

  学校和专业的选择基本是GTE必问题,可能会是这样:

  ·

  你申请了哪所学校以及什么专业?

  ·

  学校的地理位置是哪里?

  ·

  课程的开始时间/必修课/学期长度/学费?

  ·

  为什么会选择这个学校/专业?(是否和以前的专业相关?)

  标准答案:这些问题其实是通过对学校和课程的了解程度检验学生的学习目的是否真实。小伙伴们一定要好好看看自己的offer和CoE,查清楚学校地址(看清楚自己的校区哦)和周边环境,对自己选择的专业有一定了解。如果申请的专业和原学位跨行业(比如研究生和本科专业方向不同),需要思考一下其中的关联,或者想一个合理的缘由(敲黑板!切记理由要有理有据!做好充足的调查!不可以现编!!!)

  NO.3关于职业规划和未来发展

  和学校、专业相关联的当然就是未来的工作了,那么问题有可能是这样的:

  ·

  毕业后会否继续深造?会选择哪里?

  ·

  毕业后是否打算回国工作?

  ·

  对未来工作的具体预期/计划?对收入的期待?

  标准答案:这类问题的目的是想了解学生对自己的未来学习、工作、生活的规划,同样是想考察同学们的学习目的和有否移民倾向。在回答问题前大家要做一些相关行业的收入和工作情况调查,最好把中国作为长远计划的目的地,强调会回国,因为移民局在审理学生签证的时候非常忌讳学生对移民有所打算!

  NO.4 家庭背景和资金状况

  虽然资金担保已经不再是必查项目,但是基本上所有的GTE都会涉及资金问题,因为如果你木有钱,自然无法交学费~

  ·

  你是否知道来澳留学一年的学费和生活费有多少?

  ·

  ·

  你是否有亲戚朋友长居在澳?

  标准答案:童鞋们一定要知道自己一年的学费有多少,并且了解一下在澳洲大概的生活开销。至于资金方面,需要说明出资人(通常是父母or配偶)有正经稳定的收入(毕竟一个学位通常要读个至少一两年嘛~),自己有足够的资金来澳留学。

  要申留学?

  要办签证?

  快点扫码雅思妹留学管家!

  

13日预测机经才有把握

7月份对学生党考GRE来说无疑是最好的时机,无论是备考还是考试都会给大家充分的选择机会,不过7月本身的考试场次并不算太多,时间也比较靠前,刚结束了期末考试的考生也许还需要一定时间回复一下体力才能顺利应对GRE考试。不过假如大家急于在假期的前半段就完成GRE考试,那么考前看看机经就是最佳选择了。考虑到7月两场考试9日和13日时间间隔较为靠近,因此本月机经小编就一起发布给大家了,参加考试的同学赶紧来看吧!

7月9日/13日其他题型机经预测:阅读/作文/数学 请走这里

GRE填空高正确率从哪里来?看过7月9日/13日预测机经才有把握图1

题目

1. Gladys took a ____ approach to problem solving, so when the committee
needed ideas on how to create more low-cost public transportation, she suggested
they study what worked well in other cities with similar needs.

A. Benign

B. Pragmatic

C. Compliant

D. Rarefied

E. Dogmatic

答案:B

解析:此题关键是她建议他们研究其他同类城市。说明她采取的方法是比较务实的。

2. Researchers in University of Maryland discover that many people
subconsciously think that in assessment of others competence and warmth are (i)
____: when they feel someone is highly capable, they will assert that he or she
must have a tendency to be (ii) ____.

Blank (i) Blank (ii)

A. clearly interconnected D. passive

B. inversely related E. nonchalant

C. physically paralyzed F. unfeeling

答案:BE

解析:

题目是说研究人员发现许多人潜意识认为评估他人时,能力和热心程度是(i)______,当他们认为一些人是很有能力的,他们断言这些人可能会(ii)______。

可以看出i为B,ii为E,答案符合逻辑。

A显然是相互联系的 B.成反比 C.肢体瘫痪 D.消极的 E.漠不关心的 F.没有同情心的

3. His new role gives the normally clownish actor a chance to impress
audiences with his (i) ___. He is among the most uninhibited comic performers
around, but here he buttons his lip and stares straight ahead. Perhaps without
quite knowing it, the audience waits for a wink, a hint that some of the (ii)
___ spirit that animated his previous movies might be lurking inside the (iii)
___ manner he presents in this film.

Blank (i) Blank (ii) Blank (iii)

A. Raillery D. Madcap G. Facetious

B. Effusiveness E. Lugubrious H. Reserved

C. Forbearance F. Edifying I. Beguiling

答案:CDH

解析:这个小丑演员的新角色给了他一次向观众展示他自制节制的一面。他的喜剧表演最为大胆豪放,而这次他紧闭双唇,直视前方。不知情的观众也许还在等待一个眨眼,一点提示,以为类似他以前电影中的喜剧桥段可能潜伏在他现在这个节制缄默的角色之下.

4. Although his original mission was a failure, Russian botanist Michael
Friedrich Adams achieved an unexpected ____ when he found, by chance, the
carcass of a woolly mammoth.

A. conclusion

B. upheaval

C. triumph

D. bombshell

E. success

F. venture

答案:CE

解析:此题关键在于前半句的although…failure, 和unexpected. 说明后面是成功。

5. Although most land snails are ____, the giant African snail is a notable
exception; it can be 15 inches long and weigh 2 pounds.

A. gargantuan

B. juvenile

C. functional

D. diminutive

E. responsive

F. minuscule

答案:D F

解析:从句型来看,空格处该填的词是后半句意思的反义词。即giant的反义词。

6. While it is always clear that the author’s message is heartfelt, it is
mostly buried by shortcomings of style, organization, and production, although
the book does become more ____ toward the end.

A. Sincere

B. intelligible

C. orthodox

D. readable

E. frank

F. voluble

答案:B D

解析:

虽然我们感受到了作者传达的信息,但是大部分被类型,结构和制作的缺陷掩盖了,不过书的结尾的确变得更加易懂。

除了填空机经,更有阅读机经精彩内容 点击查看

【时间大作战】雅思写作考试时间的最优化安排方案

【时间大作战】雅思写作考试时间的最优化安排方案图1

一、理解题目

理解题目的第一个目的就是为了找到该topic中的核心词汇,写作时严格围绕着该核心词(词组)组织文章,以免出现跑题现象。其次是为了将该词(组)在写作前直接进行同义代换(把你想用到的形式罗列出来,通常设置3个即可),以达到用词多样化的目的。

二、构思

根据题目要求,确定本文是属于单边还是双边写法,应该通过几段来进行论述。

三、搜集论点和论据

把自己积累的优点、缺点快速罗列出来,最好优缺点各4个,然后再筛选一下留下优缺点最多各3个,包括论据。如果在搜集论据时发现某个论点很难找到论据,那么立即放弃该观点的使用,因为到你写起来时会感觉更不顺畅。

四、句式要多样化

【TPO模考软件】TPO5托福全部配套资料汇总

很多托福考生在托福备考的过程当中都会用到TPO模考软件。在练习TPO模考软件的时候,很多考生对于其中的题型以及解题方法可能还不是那么的清楚,这里小编为大家整理了TPO5托福全部配套资料汇总,希望对大家的托福备考有帮助。

TPO5托福模考软件配套资料汇总
TPO托福听力 TPO托福阅读 TPO托福口语 TPO托福写作
Conversation1 passage1 Task1 Independent Writing
Conversation2 passage2 Task2 Integrated Writing
lecture1 passage3 Task3
lecture2 Task4
lecture3 Task5
lecture4 Task6

以上就是小编为大家整理的TPO5托福全部配套资料汇总,大家在练习TPO的时候看看自己的错题都是错在什么地方,在之后的托福模考当中避免这些问题的发生,这样才能让你的托福备考获得好的效果。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

下载TPO1-54模考软件,请戳这里

【托福动态】英国叫停托福考试 报考人数仍在增长

3月24日,有“留学风向标”之称的第20届“中国国际教育巡回展”抵达上海。在教育展现场,记者获悉,在去年叫停托福考试后,英国已出台政策,该国部分学校已不认可托福考试成绩。托福考试主办方ETS的相关负责人则表示,托福考试的报考人数仍在增长,已在中国增加考场、扩增考位、增加场次。

【托福动态】英国叫停托福考试 报考人数仍在增长图1

部分英国学校不认可托福成绩

“英国不认可托福托业考试对中国学生影响不大。”英国诺丁汉大学国际部张雯告诉记者。

2014年2月,英国广播公司(BBC)栏目揭露该国学生签证系统存在严重造假问题,英国内政部随之暂停了由美国教育考试服务中心(ETS)主持的包括托福、托业在内的全部英语考试项目。

2015年2月20日,英国政府发表声明,从2015年4月6日起,将只承认签证类安全英语语言考试(SELT)作为申请进入英国的签证语言考试。SELT包括且仅包括英国签证类雅思考试(IELTS for UKVI)、生活技能类雅思考试(IELTS Life Skills)以及由伦敦三一学院组织的语言考试成绩。英国境内非欧盟留学生要续签英国签证时,需要再去考一个英国认可的考试。

据介绍,所有到英国读预科以及语言类学校的学生必须参加SELT考试,也就是必须要有雅思成绩;而赴英国攻读本科、硕士、博士学位的留学生,则根据所要申请的学校分为两种情况,一种是申请高度可信赖(HTS)大学,学校可以自主决定是否要求SELT成绩;另一种是申请非高度可信赖(HTS)大学,学生必须有SELT成绩,也就是必须参加雅思考试。

【托福动态】英国叫停托福考试 报考人数仍在增长图2

“学生应该看自己申请的学校是否要求雅思成绩,再来决定是否要参加雅思考试,拿诺丁汉大学为例来讲,除预科和语言类专业外,我们还是承认托福考试成绩的。”

还提醒中国考生,目前中国大陆地区可以提供(签证类雅思考试)IELTS for UKVI考试的有12处考点,香港有1处,总计13处考点,其余国内考点均不在英国签证与移民局认可的范围内。

ETS测评技术有限公司项目经理林琳则表示,英国不认可托福成绩对报考人数影响不大,但报考人数仍在增长,托福对考生未来发展会产生很大影响,所以考试安全性也相应很高。

当谈到托福考试“一位难求”的现象时,林琳介绍说,上海2015年有8个托福考试点,根据去年申请人数状况,已经有了相应调整,包括增加考场、扩增考位、增加场次等。她还提到,下半年考试场次较多,10月有5场考试;11月有6场考试;12月有5场考试。

【SAT干货】如何安排SAT考试时间更妥当

sat考试会从上午8点开始,大约下午1点结束。虽然看起来时间很长,但实际上还是非常紧张的。所以,同学们一定要学会合理安排。而今天,小编就准备了sat考试时间安排的内容,让我们一起来看看吧。

【SAT干货】如何安排SAT考试时间更妥当图1

阅读部分

阅读部分要求同学们在65分钟内完成5篇文章的阅读,并完成52道题,计算下来每道题的答题速度应该控制在75秒左右。如果在一道题上的时间花费超过一分钟的话,就应当最好标记下来然后先做别的题了。如果其他题目完成还有剩余时间,可以回头过来继续作答。新SAT阅读考试在改革之后分为四类文章:文学小说类、自然科学类、社会科学类及政治历史类。对于文学小说类文章和政治历史类文章都是中国考生接触较少的,尤其是一些议论性和叙述性的文章,这就要求我们平时多积累一些阅读素材,提高自己的专业能力和快速阅读文章的速度。对于新SAT阅读文章同时考察的是我们的信息提取能力,我们在考试的时候一定要抓住文章的基调和关键词。

语法部分

对于SAT考试语法部分来说,是35分钟内完成44道语法题,因此我们可以算起来平均下来每道题目应该是在60秒以内才行。对于这样sat考试时间安排,可能一些同学们会觉得不够,因此在平日备考时候就应该认真备考。比如养成收集语法错误的习惯,可以做个错题集,时常翻看,这样在真正考试面对sat考试时长的时候,就有足够的把握时间了。另外,在做sat语法考试的时候最重要的是结合上下文语境进行分析,因为新sat语法考试是在整片文章的大环境前提下展开的

数学部分

在sat数学部分分为不可用计算器部分和可用计算器部分,要求考生在80分钟内完成58道题,基本上在不使用计算器部分应该控制在25分钟完成,在可使用计算器部分应当在55分钟内完成,如果还有剩余时间的话,建议同学们及时复查。新增的知识点同学们一定不要忽视,还有在做题的时候一定不要轻敌,提高自己的做题效率。

写作部分

在sat写作部分,虽为sat考试的选考部分,但其重要性不容忽视。sat写作部分考察的是考生阅读,分析和写作能力。在阅读文章上,建议同学们将时间控制在7分钟,分析对阅读文章的理解以及文章中的论证元素最后都需要考生用自己的语言形式写出来。

1-4月雅思口语Part2话题解析-toy

雅思口语新话题toys
玩具,对于初高中生来说还算是有记忆的,而且就算玩具的类型男女有别,但是喜欢玩的原因都大同小异。除此之外呢,还会问一些比较general
的问题。我们先来看一下关于toys 他们都问了什么。

1-4月雅思口语Part2话题解析:toy图1

1. What was your favorite toy in childhood?

2. What kind of toys do children like today?

本题最重要的一点就是时态!毕竟是小时候的事情!提到玩具大家一定要先储备一些玩具的类型及样貌的表达。不然你就只能说my favorite toy was…
a…toy. 所以话不多少,马上补充词汇~

Type

益智类玩具:chess象棋,Chinese draughts跳棋,gobang 五子棋

竞技类玩具:model car/ airplane/tank;basketball, football

电子玩具:I-pad,smart phone,computer

拼图玩具: jigsaw/puzzle拼图 ; Lego 乐高

毛绒玩具: stuffed toy/ plush toy ; doll (Barbie doll)

appearance

Shape:square, rectangular, oval ; heart/triangle/ arc shaped …形状的

Textures:leather,fur,cotton,plastic,metal

It is made out of …. 由~ 制成的

Size:It is about the size of a…

It’s about this big/tall. (用手比划!)

Color:colorful;vibrant red/pink 亮红/粉色

it comes in + colors 有~~ 颜色

出了一些表达之外,我们还要注意的地方就是favorite, 虾米意思呢?就是大家开口一定都是my favorite blahblahblah~~,
所以我们要替换掉它。

Favorite:dearest / Favor / most beloved / much-loved

3. Do you still have any of your old toys?

4. In your opinion, why do some people like to keep a childhood toy?

一般情况下都会保留着自己的玩具哪怕是收到储物间也不会丢,因为已经有感情啦。他陪伴了你那么久,是不是也承载着童年的回忆啊。或者我们可以说是某个特殊的人送的。

词汇补充:

好好的保存着:well preserved/kept in my storage room

有深厚的感情:have great affection with

承载着童年的回忆:evoke memories of my childhood/ bring back fun childhood
memories

特殊的人送的: sent by some special

5. Should parents buy many toys to their children?

6. What are the benefits/disadvantages of children playing toys?

7. If you had a child, what toy would you buy him or her?

这三道题都跟玩具的利弊有关,玩具可以打发孩子无聊的时间,益智类玩具还能锻炼孩子的大脑,培养孩子的独立思考能力,除此之外还能减少孩子过分看电视玩电脑的不良习惯。

词汇补充:

打发时间:pass time / kill time / count one’s thumb

锻炼孩子的大脑:exercise / train the brain

培养独立思考能力:cultivate someone to be of an independent mind; develop capacity for
independent thinking

减少看电视的时间: lessen/ reduce the time for TV and computer

8. What sorts of people like toys?

什么样的人喜欢玩具,基本上什么人都喜欢玩具只是玩的东西会不一样,女生可能喜欢可爱的毛绒玩具多一些,男生可能会倾向于益智类或竞技类玩具。

谁都喜欢: No on hates toys. / Everyone loves toys.

喜欢的种类可能不一样:each person has things they like

9. Do you think toys should be passed on to other kids when these toys are no
longer wanted?

这个问题其实跟3,4题很像,舍不得送的就算不想要了也会堆在储藏间,所以我们重点分析觉得应该转送的。有些人觉得放着也是浪费,还不容送给别人,不然就真的成废物了。废物利用也是一种美的不是。再者,你不想要了,别人可能很喜欢很想要也说不定啊。

词汇补充:

浪费:waste;unnecessary

堆: pile up in

转送: make a present of sth given to someone

废物利用:make good use of waste things

很喜欢很想拥有:desire sth

【出品】雅思阅读机经真题解析-Life code-unlocked

小站独家,雅思阅读机经真题解析。一切患有雅思阅读刷题强迫症的烤鸭,请看这里。小站精心整理了一批雅思阅读机经真题。如果你的剑桥雅思阅读已是烂熟于心,那么这一系列的雅思阅读机经真题真的很适合你,搭配上绝对原创的讲解,还有全文的中文翻译,这等阅读大餐,还等什么!

A

On an airport shuttle bus to the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics in
Santa Barbara, Calif, Chris Wiggins took a colleague’s advice and opened a
Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. It had nothing to do with the talk on biopolymer
physics he was invited to give. Rather the columns and rows of numbers that
stared back at him referred to the genetic activity of budding yeast.
Specifically, the numbers represented the amount of messenger RNA (mRNA)
expressed by all 6,200 genes of the yeast over the course of its reproductive
cycle. “It was the first time I ever saw anything like this,” Wiggins recalls of
that spring day in 2002. “How to make sense of all these data?”

B

Instead of shirking from this question, the 36-year-old applied mathematician
and physicist at Columbia University embraced it-and now six years later he
thinks he has an answer. By foraying into fields outside his own, Wiggins has
drudged up tools from a branch of artificial intelligence called machine
learning to model the collective protein-making activity of genes from
real-world biological data. Engineers originally designed these tools in the
late 1950s to predict output from input. Wiggins and his colleagues have now
brought machine learning to the natural sciences and tweaked it so that it can
also tell a story—one not only about input and output but also about what
happens inside a model of gene regulation, the black box in between.

C

The impetus for this work began in the late 1990s, when high-throughput
techniques generated more mRNA expression profiles and DNA sequences than ever
before, “opening up a completely different way of thinking about biological
phenomena,” Wiggins says. Key among these techniques were DNA microarrays, chips
that provide a panoramic view of the activity of genes and their expression
levels in any cell type, simultaneously and under myriad conditions. As noisy
and incomplete as the data were, biologists could now query which genes turn on
or off in different cells and determine the collection of proteins that give
rise to a cell’s characteristic features- healthy or diseased.

D

Yet predicting such gene activity requires uncovering the fundamental rules
that govern it. “Over time, these rules have been locked in by cells,” says
theoretical physicist Harmen Bussemaker, now an associate professor of biology
at Columbia. “Evolution has kept the good stuff.” To find these rules,
scientists needed statistics to infer the interaction between genes and the
proteins that regulate them and to then mathematically describe this network’s
underlying structure-the dynamic pattern of gene and protein activity over time.
But physicists who did not work with particles (or planets, for that matter)
viewed statistics as nothing short of an anathema. “If your experiment requires
statistics,” British physicist Ernest Rutherford once said, “you ought to have
done a better experiment.”

E

But in working with microarrays, “the experiment has been done without you,”
Wiggins explains. “And biology doesn’t hand you a model to make sense of the
data.” Even more challenging, the building blocks that make up DNA, RNA and
proteins are assembled in myriad ways; moreover, subtly different rules of
interaction govern their activity, making it difficult, if not impossible, to
reduce their patterns of interaction to fundamental laws. Some genes and
proteins are not even known. “You are trying to find something compelling about
the natural world in a context where you don’t know very much,” says William
Bialek, a biophysicist at Princeton University. “You’re forced to be agnostic.”
Wiggins believes that many machine-learning algorithms perform well under
precisely these conditions. When working with so many unknown variables,
“machine learning lets the data decide what’s worth looking at,” he says.

F

At the Kavli Institute, Wiggins began building a model of a gene regulatory
network in yeast-the set of rules by which genes and regulators collectively
orchestrate how vigorously DNA is transcribed into mRNA. As he worked with
different algorithms, he started to attend discussions on gene regulation led by
Christina Leslie, who ran the computational biology group at Columbia at the
time. Leslie suggested using a specific machine-learning tool called a
classifier. Say the algorithm must discriminate between pictures that have
bicycles in them and pictures that do not. A classifier sifts through labeled
examples and measures everything it can about them, gradually learning the
decision rules that govern the grouping. From these rules, the algorithm
generates a model that can determine whether or not new pictures have bikes in
them. In gene regulatory networks, the learning task becomes the problem of
predicting whether genes increase or decrease their protein-making activity.

G

The algorithm that Wiggins and Leslie began building in the fall of 2002 was
trained on the DNA sequences and mRNA levels of regulators expressed during a
range of conditions in yeast-when the yeast was cold, hot, starved, and so on.
Specifically, this algorithm-MEDUSA (for motif element discrimination using
sequence agglomeration)—scans every possible pairing between a set of DNA
promoter sequences, called motifs, and regulators. Then, much like a child might
match a list of words with their definitions by drawing a line between the two,
MEDUSA finds the pairing that best improves the fit between the model and the
data it tries to emulate. (Wiggins refers to these pairings as edges.) Each time
MEDUSA finds a pairing, it updates the model by adding a new rule to guide its
search for the next pairing. It then determines the strength of each pairing by
how well the rule improves the existing model. The hierarchy of numbers enables
Wiggins and his colleagues to determine which pairings are more important than
others and how they can collectively influence the activity of each of the
yeast’s 6,200 genes. By adding one pairing at a time, MEDUSA can predict which
genes ratchet up their RNA production or clamp that production down, as well as
reveal the collective mechanisms that orchestrate an organism’s transcriptional
logic.

Questions 1-6

The reading passage has seven paragraphs, A-G

Choose the correct heading for paragraphs A-G from the list below.

Write the correct number, i-x, in boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i. The search for the better-fit matching between the model and the gained
figures to foresee the activities of the genes

ii. The definition of MEDUSA

iii. A flashback of a commencement for a far-reaching breakthrough

iv. A drawing of the gene map

v. An algorithm used to construct a specific model to discern the appearance
of something new by the joint effort of Wiggins and another scientist

vi. An introduction of a background tracing back to the availability of
mature techniques for detailed research on genes

vii. A way out to face the challenge confronting the scientist on the
deciding of researchable data

viii. A failure to find out some specific genes controlling the production of
certain proteins

ix. The use of a means from another domain for reference

x. A tough hurdle on the way to find the law governing the activities of the
genes

Example: Paragraph A iii

1 Paragraph B

2 Paragraph C

3 Paragraph D

4 Paragraph E

5 Paragraph F

6 Paragraph G

Questions 7-9

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading
Passage 1?

In boxes 7-9 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement is true

FALSE if the statement is false

NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage

7. Wiggins is the first man to use DNA microarrays for the research on
genes.

8. There is almost no possibility for the effort to decrease the patterns of
interaction between DNA, RNA and proteins.

9. Wiggins holds a very positive attitude on the future of genetic
research.

Questions 10-13

Summary

Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage, using No
More than Three words from the Reading Passage for each answer. Write your
answers in boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet.

Wiggins states that the astoundingly rapid development of techniques
concerning the components of genes aroused the researchers to look at 10 from a
totally new way. 11 is the heart and soul of these techniques and no matter what
the 12 were, at the same time they can offer a whole picture of the genes’
activities as well as 13 in all types of cells. With these techniques scientists
could locate the exact gene which was on or off to manipulate the production of
the proteins.

(转第二页)

【托福备考基础要点】十大重点托福语法概念(一)

熟悉托福语法可以帮助考生有效的完成托福阅读以及写作部分。下文中会为大家罗列一些语法的重点概念。

【托福备考基础要点】十大重点托福语法概念(一)图1

1.代词指代

在英语中,为使表达简洁,常用代词指代句中出现过的名词。这个代词要和指代对象在人称和数方面保持一致。如出现Mary,则代词只能是she(主格)或her(宾格);如指代对象是students,则代词只能是they(主格)或them(宾格)。当然,这只是代词指代的基本常识。

2.主谓一致

在英语句子里,谓语受主语支配,其动词必须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,这就叫主谓一致。寻其规律,大致可归纳为三个原则,即语法一致、逻辑意义一致和就近一致原则。主谓一致是托福考试最经常考的语法内容之一。要认清句子里的主语和谓语。复数主语后面一定要跟复数谓语;单数主语后面要跟单数谓语。介词短语不影响主谓一致(一些特殊情况除外)。

3.形容词

形容词修饰名词或代词,说明事物或人的性质或特征。通常,可将形容词分成性质形容词和叙述形容词两类,其位置不一定都放在名词前面。形容词是修饰回答像“what
kind of”或“which?”或“whose?”这类的问题。不要混淆形容词和副词,副词通常是以—ly结尾的,而极少形容词以—ly结尾。

1)以—ly结尾的形容词:friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,ugly,brotherly.

2)以-ly结尾既为形容词,也为副词:daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early.

【托福备考基础要点】十大重点托福语法概念(一)图2

4.副词

副词通常修饰动词,形容词,副词或其他结构。(它也可以修饰另一个副词或一个形容词,但是这种情况征托福考试里是比较少见的。)副词经常回答“how?”

A、正确的位置:

1)在动词之前;在be动词、助动词之后。

2)有多个助动词时,副词一般放在第一个助动词后。

3)方式副词well,badly,hard等只放在句尾。He speaks English well.

B、其他注意:

1)副词very可修饰形容词,但不能修饰动词。

(错)I very like English.

(对)I like English very much.

2)副词enough要放在形容词的后面,形容词enough放在名词前后都可。

5.比较

当比较两个事物时,用-er形式(bigger)或者用修饰词less和more。当比较多于两个以上的事物时,用-est形式(biggest)或者做most(most
amazing)和least这样的词。

继续阅读:十大重点托福语法概念(二)

托福备考:如何在托福写作中善用复杂句式?

  1)使用同义词。

  比如以下的一些写作高频词汇的同义词,这些词出现的尤为频繁。要学会用同义词来替换它们。

  在综合写作中教授说话不能总是用think,还可以用believe,

  consider, deem, figure out。在托福独立写作中表示近来的时间状况用nowadays,还可以用recently,

  currently, at present, in recent years, these days

  再比如表示重要的词有important,一篇文章如果要求描写某物重要,不能只写important这一个词吧,和它类似的还有necessary,

  crucial, essential, vital, significant , indispensable, momentous,

  如果还需要再变化,就可以用下面的改变词性的方法。

  2)改变词性。

  n.→ Adj. 比如:important改成be of

  importance

  n. → v. When we look at a comparison

  between A and B…

  When we compare A and B…

  Adj. → n.

  There are a variety of solutions to

  the problem.

  There are various solutions to the

  problem.

  3)更换使用不同的承接词。

  承接词不仅连接段落和段落,还连接句子和句子。熟识一些常用的承接词对写作将会有极大的作用。

  because of → due to, owing to,

  because, as, since, for

  but → however, nevertheless,

  nonetheless, whereas

  so → therefore, hence, thus,

  consequently

  4)形容词的逆向表达。

  在某些形容词上进行修改,会达到非比寻常的效果。

  Eg: not as easy as…→more difficult

  than…

  Not uncommon→common

  The cheapest → the least

  expensive

  其次,是句型的使用。在新托福写作部分,评分标准中非常重要的一项就是句型结构,要求句型结构做到丰富多变。例如下面的典型美句,就可以让你的文章加分:

  1)it句

  It is delightful to have friends from

  distant lands.

  It is undeniable that…

  It is obvious that…

  2)双否句

  it is by no means uncommon to

  find…

  …never fails to …

  3)倒装句

  So severe is this problem that we

  have no alternative but to take some feasible measures to deal with

  it.

  Only through education can we rise in

  the world.

  此外,美国人的另一特点就是注重具体内容。即要求我们写的作文具体化。新托福写作的宗旨在于communicating

  information。中文经过长久的发展,追求的是含蓄、抽象,用最少的话来表达深刻的思想,但美国人思维却是具体的。如果按照中国人思维写作,美国人会无法领会,我们的托福作文也就只能得低分。

  美国人托福思维还体现在综合写作中。综合写作中的阅读部分就是这种思维,听力和阅读结构相似,而内容相反。可见,只要我们能够做到用美国人的思维、结构看问题,搭出大骨架,从生活中选取丰富的素材使之具体、丰满,再辅之以闪光的词汇句型、修辞手法,要拿新托福写作高分就不再是遥不可及的梦想。努力总会有回报的!