这个在TOEFL阅览中占比1/3的题型你hold住吗?(二)

上篇文章咱们一同谈论晓得决托福阅览词汇题的一种非常有用的办法——词根词缀法,下面雷哥GMAT教师将剩下的办法悉数介绍给我们:

办法二:相关词揣度法

在托福阅览词汇题中,有一些词可以并没有词根词缀,因而无法经过第一种办法将标题正确答案猜测出,这时分咱们可以重视一下该词汇题地址的语句前后是不是有并排或转机、比照的联络,经过相关词的暗示就可以揣度出符号词汇与前后语句中词汇的附近或相反意义,由此选出正确答案。比方说,前次说到的【OG- Desert Formation】中的第7题,这道题就不只可以根据词根词缀法做出,相关词揣度法相同有用:

Paragraph 6: Four specific activities have been identified as major contributors to the desertification processes: overcultivation, overgrazing, firewood gathering, and overirrigation. The cultivation of crops has expanded into progressively drier regions as population densities have grown. These regions are especially likely to have periods of severe dryness, so that crop failures are common. Since the raising of most crops necessitates the prior removal of the natural vegetation, crop failures leave extensive tracts of land devoid of a plant cover and

susceptible to wind and water erosion.

7. The phrase “devoid of” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. consisting of

B.

hidden by

C.

except for

D.

lacking in

细心看devoid of 这个符号短语地址的语句,不难发现里边有一个并排词and,假定同学们知道susceptible 这个词的意思,或许晓得sus这个前缀的意义,那么根据and后边的

susceptible to wind and water erosion也可以揣度出and之前的内容也必定不是啥好话,所以天然可以猜出答案为D。

办法三:分配判别法

此外,假定符号词地址的语句前后并没有相关词,而是单一概念的语句,咱们也可以根据动宾分配或润饰联络分配选择出答案,比方:

Each soldier received his pay, but in regions without a developed economy there was initially little on which it could be spent. The pool of excess cash rapidly stimulated a thriving economy outside fort gates. Some of the demand for the services and goods was no doubt fulfilled by people drawn from far afield, but some local people certainly became entwined in this new economy. There was informal marriage with soldiers, who until AD 197 were not legally entitled to wed, and whole new communities grew up near the forts. These settlements acted like small towns, becoming centers for the artisan and trading populations.

The phrase “entitled to” in the passage is closest in meaning to

A.given the right to

B.able to afford to

C.encouraged to

D.required to

回订亲位entitled to 的地址,会发现前面有一个副词legally,语义为“合法地”,所以即便完全不知晓该短语的意思,或无法经过上下文进行揣度,也可以选择出答案A,因为只需right与legal有关。

办法四:语义暗示法

退一步来讲,即便一道词汇题既不是由词根词缀构成的,前后也没有标明并排或转机、比照的相关词,也无法经过火配来进行判别,咱们还可以根据上下文与前后句的语义暗示来选出答案,比方说这道题:

A warm-blooded turtle may seem to be a contradiction in terms. Nonetheless, an adult leatherback can maintain a body temperature of between 25 and 26°C (77 – 79°F) in sea water that is only 8°C (46.4°F). Accomplishing this feat requires adaptations both to generate heat in the turtle’s body and to keep it from escaping into the surrounding waters. Leatherbacks apparently do not generate internal heat the way we do, or the way birds do, as a by-product of cellular metabolism. A leatherback may be able to pick up some body heat by basking at the surface; its dark, almost black body color may help it to absorb solar radiation. However, most of its internal heat comes from the action of its muscles.

3. The word feat in P2 is closest in meaning to

A.

remarkable achievement

B. common transformation

C. daily activity

D. complex solution

此题原文中feat之前有一个代词this,标明晰this feat指的就是上文,从上一句话中不丑陋出,leatherback可以在只需(only) 8摄氏度的海水中坚持25-26摄氏度的体温,因而必定是remarkable 的,因而选择A。

经过这三道小标题,信赖同学们现已初步晓得了关于托福阅览词汇题的另外三种办法,不过要想将办法得以充分的使用,还需要愈加详尽的归类与练习。假定同学们想要晓得更多关于这些办法的具体内容,可在雷哥托福官网进行强化课的报论理学习,Zora教师等你哦~

早年托福90,SAT1390的我被康奈尔选择,逆袭不和竟是因为….

  上一年12月中旬,跟着康奈尔大学的Offer,一颗焦虑不安的心总算落定,我的请求季宣告正式结束。

  关于阅历了严峻无措的我来说,这个请求季意义特别。因为我早年是个在美高的弱鸡,托福只需90几分,SAT二刷1390,成果不高的我正本现已扔掉对名校的神往,致使于收到Admission Offer的片刻间,总感触有些迷糊,它来的真实且火热,让我倍加感谢那段咬牙坚持的最辛苦也最夸姣的日子。

  校园排行、 专业性质、地舆方位、奖学金、标化考试,课外活动阅历等一系列硬性和软性需求,关于一初步的我来说是一问三不知。“不晓得啥大学合适我”,也不晓得“我能不能录到好校园”,是我其时最真实的描写。

  无法之下,拿着搜集到仅有的材料,从炽热的七月,我自个着手写第一篇文书,一向写到严寒的一月,文件夹里罗列了几百份稿子,熬了许多次通宵,心境上也阅历了大巨细小的跌宕高低,但全体的质量仍然与梦校相差甚远,烦躁的心境笼罩着自个,心里充溢焦灼和无助。

  直到我被身边同在请求的同学,聘请参加了「Fiske Guide导读群」

  在这个奇特的群里,我找到了最想去的校园——康奈尔大学,坚决的方针让我刷分的决计倍增,一起也不断增强其他才能,究竟以托福109,SAT1500的成果选择康奈尔工程学院(2018年 秋季入学)。

  在群内,我初度深化触摸到《Fiske Guide To Colleges》这本声称“美国请求圣经”的神书,集结三大优势:

  全美高认可度

  它是300万美国高中生请求大学的第一本书,美国教育界声威度最高的选校参阅,被US Today评为“你能买到的最佳的大学攻略”

  材料全部真实

  全书包括各校园的优势类别、区域影响力、奖学金、校园日子、校外文娱、选择分数、布景需求等方面,全方位具体介绍

  分析特性一起

  在读学生的评价、各校的优势学科和最受等待的专业、怎样请求的中心信息、绝无仅有的学术、交际、日子质量的排行,还有一些你在校园官网永久也找不到的信息,书中悉数录入

  「 Fiske Guide导读群 」

  「Fiske Guide导读群」特征

  最合适我国学生的地道解读,国内仅有中文翻译

  每周6个校园,分主题式介绍:城市中心的大学、常青藤名校、加州系大学等,算计100个校园(前50的归纳性大学和前35的文理学院,以及一些特别的区域性大学,比方Babson,Deep Spring,Bently,Cooper Union等),来自于全美最声威、最受等待的请求攻略《Fiske Guide to Colleges》

  美国名校学长学姐群讲座,前招生官仿照面试

  斯坦福博士,哈梵学长、哥大学姐、前招生官等一众大神,共享独家日子经历、求职阅历、翻开请求审理黑箱等;更有前招生官深度共享私家请求阅历

  最新留学方针材料,8年经历参谋真实事例分析

  入群资历

  正在方案留学、或即将初步留学请求

  可以证明自个真实学生或家长身份

  请求入群

  即可请求入群

  传闻群内同学的选择率比通常人高出30%

  本群将于2018年3月26日(周一)正式初步

  第一周主题:城市中心的大学

  南加州大学、纽约大学、莱斯大学、华盛顿大学西雅图分校、波士顿大学

  第二周主题:常青藤名校

  哈佛大学、普林斯顿大学、耶鲁大学、哥伦比亚大学、宾夕法尼亚大学、达特茅斯学院、布朗大学、康内尔大学

  第三周主题:加州大学系

  伯克利、洛杉矶、圣地亚哥、戴维斯、圣芭芭拉、欧文、圣克鲁斯

SAE等安全性数据疾速陈述标准和程序||关于发布《药物临床实验时刻安全性数据疾速陈述的标准和程序》的告诉

  附件全文:

  药物临床实验时刻安全性数据疾速陈述标准和程序

  为实施原国家食物药品监督办理总局《关于适用世界人用药品注册技能调和会二级教训原则的布告》(2018年第10号)的需求,我中心根据ICH药物戒备有关教训原则【E2A、E2B(R3)和M1】,起草了《药物临床实验时刻安全性数据疾速陈述标准和程序》(以下称“本标准和程序”),具体如下:

  一、 请求人获准打开药物(包括化药、中药及生物制品)临床实验后,关于临床实验时刻发生的(包括我国境内和境外)一切与实验药物必定有关或可疑的非预期且严峻的不良反应(以下简称“非预期严峻不良反应”),以及本标准和程序规则的其它景象,都应按照本标准和程序在规则的时限内向国家药品审评组织进行疾速陈述。

  二、 严峻不良反应指以下景象之一:(1)致使去世;(2)危及生命,指严峻患者马上存在去世的风险,并非是指假定将来打开严峻时可以呈现去世;(3)致使住院或住院时刻延伸;(4)耐久或显着的功用损失;(5)致畸、致出世缺陷;(6)其他重要医学作业:有必要运用医学和科学的判别抉择是不是对其他的情况加速陈述,如重要医学作业可以不会当即危及生命、去世或住院,但如需要采纳医学办法来避免如上景象之一的发生,也通常被视为是严峻的。例如在急诊室的重要医治或在家发生的过敏性支气管痉挛,未住院的恶液质或惊厥,发生药物依靠或成瘾等。

  三、 非预期不良反应指不良反应的性质、严峻程度、成果或频率,不一样于实验药物其时有关材料(如研讨者手册等文件)所描绘的预期风险。研讨者手册作为首要文件供给用以判别某不良反应是不是预期或非预期的安全性参阅信息。如:(1)急性肾衰在研讨者手册中列为不良反应,但实验进程中呈现间质性肾炎,即应判别为非预期不良反应,(2)肝炎在研讨者手册中列为不良反应,但实验进程中发生急性重型肝炎,即应判别为非预期不良反应。

  四、 请求人在药物临床实验时刻,判别与实验药物必定有关或可疑的非预期且严峻的不良反应,均需要按本标准和程序以个例安全性陈述的方法疾速陈述。

  请求人和研讨者在不良作业与药物因果联络判别中不能达到共一起,其间任一方判别不能打扫与实验药物有关的,也大约进行疾速陈述。

  五、 以下情况通常不作为疾速陈述内容:(1)非严峻不良作业;(2)严峻不良作业与实验药物无关;(3)严峻但属预期的不良反应;(4)当以严峻不良作业为首要作用结束时,不主张请求人以个例安全性陈述(ICSR)方法向国家药品审评组织陈述。

  六、阳性对照药有关的严峻不良反应,请求人有责任抉择是不是向其他的药品出产商和/或直接向国家药品监督办理部分陈述。请求人有必要向药品出产商或直接向国家药品监督办理部分陈述该类作业。与安卧牧有关的不良作业通常不契合不良反应的标准而疾速陈述。

  七、非预期严峻不良反应个例安全性陈述内容应按照ICH 《E2B(R3):临床安全数据的办理:个例安全性陈述传输的数据要素》有关需求陈述。有关术语应选用ICH《M1:监管活动医学词典(MedDRA)》进行编码。

  八、 请求人是药物临床实验安全性信息监测与非预期严峻不良反应陈述的责任主体。请求人应指定专职人员担任临床实验安全性信息监测与严峻不良作业陈述办理;应拟定临床实验安全性信息监测与严峻不良作业陈述标准操作规程,并对一切有关人员进行练习;应把握临床实验进程中最新安全性信息,及时进行安全风险评价,向实验有关方通报有关信息,并担任对非预期严峻不良反应进行疾速陈述。

  九、 请求人得悉严峻不良作业后,应当即对严峻不良作业进行全部分析、评价和判别。根据严峻不良作业的性质(品种)按以下时限向国家药品审评组织疾速陈述:

  (一)关于致死或危及生命的非预期严峻不良反应,请求人应在初度得悉后从速陈述,但不得跨越7天,并在随后的8天内陈述、完善随访信息。

  注:请求人初度得悉当天为第0天。

  (二)关于非致死或危及生命的非预期严峻不良反应,请求人应在初度得悉后从速陈述,但不得跨越15天。

  十、 疾速陈述初步时刻为临床实验附和日期/国家药品审评组织默示答应初步日期,结束时刻为国内最终一例受试者随访结束日期。临床实验结束或随访结束后至获得审评定批结论前发生的严峻不良作业,由研讨者陈述请求人,若归于非预期严峻不良反应,也应进行疾速陈述。

  十一、 请求人在初度陈述后,应持续跟踪严峻不良反应,以随访陈述的方法及时抄送有关新信息或对前次陈述的更改信息等,陈述时限为获得新信息起15天内。

  十二、 国家药品审评组织以契合ICH E2B(R3)的电子传输方法接收请求人提交的药物临床实验时刻个例安全性陈述后,进行分析评价,必要时按有关标准提出批改实验方案、暂停或中止药物临床实验等定见。

  十三、 除了非预期严峻不良反应的个例安全性陈述之外,关于其他潜在的严峻安全性风险信息,请求人也应从速向国家药品审评组织陈述,一起需对每种情况做出医学和科学的判别。通常来说,关于显着影响药品风险获益评价的信息或可以思考药品用法改动,或影响全体药品研发进程的信息,均归于此类情况,例如:(1)关于已知的、严峻的不良反应,其发生率添加,判别具有临床重要性;(2)对露出人群有显着的损害,如在医治危及生命疾病时药品无效;(3)在新近结束的动物实验中的严峻安全性发现(如致癌性) 。

  十四、 请求人从其它来历获得的与实验药物有关的非预期严峻不良反应及其他潜在严峻安全性风险的信息也应当向国家药品审评组织进行疾速陈述。

  十五、 不管境内、境外的个例安全性陈述及其他潜在严峻安全性风险陈述均应选用中文陈述。

  十六、 个例安全性 陈述及其他潜在严峻安全性风险陈述中均应理解标明药物请求临床实验的受理号。

  个例安全性陈述中,请求临床实验的受理号填写在数据元素G.k.3.1附和号/答应号(G.k.3.1Authorisation / Application Number)项下。

  十七、个例不良反应电子传输方法:

  1.GATEWAY方法提交

  请求人请求GATEWAY账号并进行电子传输查验,查验成功后,进行正式提交。

  2.XML文件方法提交

  请求人登入国家药品审评中心官方网站(在“请求人之窗”注册账号,在左面菜单栏下的“药物戒备提交”提交XML格局文件。

  以上两种方法可任选其一。具体办法详见附件。

  附件:契合ICH E2B(R3)需求的个例安全性陈述电子

  传输技能文档

  药品审评中心

  2018年4月27日

  附件:

  契合ICH E2B(R3)需求的个例安全性陈述的

  电子传输技能文档

  一、个例安全性陈述(ICSR)的发送方预备

  1.用户首要需要登入国家药品审评中心(以下简称药品审评中心)官网(注册请求人之窗账号。

  2.注册账号后,用户可以选用以下两种方法之一提交ICSR陈述:网关对网关(gateway to gateway);请求人之窗上载XML文件。

  3.两种方法均需要用户实施相应的查验进程,以保证正式递送的ICSR契合ICH E2B(R3)和药品审评中心的有关标准。

  二、个例安全性陈述(ICSR)的提交

  按照E2B(R3)的教训,ICSR的电子化传输和递送应供给规则的数据元素。电子化传输和递送依靠于XML方法的信息标准,以完成在药品的整个生命周期内、临床实验研讨时刻以及持续进行的安全性监测。

  注:假定初始的ICSR以纸质提交,然后续的ICSR以电子方法提交,则应在后续电子提交的ICSR叙说有些声明其初度陈述早年经过纸介质提交。

  方法一:经过Gateway to Gateway提交进程

  1.提交查验陈述:

  ②药品审评中心接收查验陈述的URL,公司需装备URL在发送方药物安全数据库的电子数据交流(electronic data interchange, EDI)模块中;

  ③药品审评中心的数字证书,公司需将其装备到发送方EDI模块地址效能器上;

  ④药品审评中心在电子传输进程中的辨认ID,这个ID对应的是E2B(R3) 标准中的元素N.2.r.3 信息接收者标识符,公司需要将此ID装备入发送方的EDI模块中,用于标识传输文件的接收方为药品审评中心。

  (3)用户发送一份查验的ICSR陈述,验证模块间的对接有用且可以传输契合E2B (R3)需求的电子文档,当收到药品审评中心招认查验陈述有用的电子回执后,即成功树立正式传输ICSR的数据联接。

  2.提交正式陈述:

  ②药品审评中心接收正式陈述的URL,公司需装备URL在发送方药物安全数据库的电子数据交流(electronic data interchange, EDI)模块中;

  ③药品审评中心的数字证书,公司需将其装备到发送方EDI模块地址效能器上;

  ④药品审评中心在电子传输进程中的辨认ID,这个ID对应的是E2B(R3) 标准中的元素N.2.r.3 信息接收者标识符,公司需要将此ID装备入发送方的EDI模块中,用于标识传输文件的接收方为药品审评中心。

  (3)用户收到邮件后发送一份正式的ICSR陈述,验证模块间的对接有用且可以传输契合E2B (R3)需求的电子文档,当收到药品审评中心招认正式陈述有用的电子回执后,即成功树立正式传输ICSR的数据联接。

  方法二:经过请求人之窗上载XML文件提交进程

  1.提交查验陈述

  (1)用户在其药物安全数据库中生成一份XML格局的查验ICSR。

  (2)注册药品审评中心的请求人之窗账号。

  ①XML文件中公司的仅有的辨认ID(这个ID对应的是E2B(R3)标准中的元素N.2.r.2信息发送者标识),药品审评中心将会把此ID装备入体系接收模块中,作为正式递送时对公司的仅有标识;

  ②公司称号、请求人之窗的账号和公司性质(是不是为合同研讨组织或许药物安全数据库供给商)。

  ③ICSR电子传输账号请求表。

  2.提交正式陈述

  (1)用户在其药物安全数据库中生成一份XML格局的正式ICSR。

  ①XML文件中公司的仅有的辨认ID(这个ID对应的是E2B(R3)标准中的元素N.2.r.2信息发送者标识),药品审评中心将会把此ID装备入体系接收模块中,作为正式递送时对公司的仅有标识;

  ②公司称号、请求人之窗的账号和公司性质(是不是为合同研讨组织或许药物安全数据库供给商)。

  ③ICSR电子传输账号请求表。

  (3)登入请求人之窗,在相应节目内提交正式的ICSR。

  三、药品审评中心对ICSR进行接收并校验

  药品审评中心收到公司传输来的ICSR后,会发送第一个回执,标明用户传输成功且药品审评中心已收到该陈述。下一步,体系将对ICSR进行二次校验以断定是不是满足E2B(R3),而且药品审评中心将根据二次校验成果回来第二个关于ICSR合规性的回执;对文件中E2B(R3)需求的一些可容性缺失或差错,药品审评中心的回执中也将列明。

  关于不满足E2B(R3)最根柢需求的陈述,体系将回绝接收,并发送拒收的回执给发送方。

  四、药品审评中心对查验ICSR发送回执

  1.用户如递送后24小时内并未收到药品审评中心的任何回执,则阐明网络联接失效,需查验和药品审评中心的网络联接是不是断开。

  2.用户假定递送后收到拒收的回执,则大约参阅回执中指出的E2B(R3)传输差错内容批改事例,在有关法规规则的事例递送时限内再次递送;而且再次递送时有必要选用一个新的仅有的文件标识符(而非事例标识符)从头提交ICSR。

  五、留心思项

  1.药品审评中心所接收的ICSR传输是根据AS2 (HTTPS)传输协议。

  2.ICSR文件附件:在一个ICSR中,可以供给多个文件标题(C.1.6.1.r)和文献标题(C.4.r.1)以及有关材料。ICSR附件可被看作是选用base 64 编码的嵌入式文件,药品审评中心答应的文件附件格局为PDF。

  3.若用户在ICSR电子传输账号请求表中填写的信息与药品审评中心请求人之窗的信息纷歧致,药品审评中心将拒收其ICSR电子传输账号请求表。

  附表

  ICSR电子传输账号请求表

  用户认证信息

  公司称号

  公司共同社会诺言代码

  请求人之窗账号

  请求人之窗电子邮件

  (须坚持疏通)

  (须坚持疏通)

  备用电子邮件

  电子传输参数

  发送查验陈述的URL,以及收到国家药品审评中心电子回执的URL地址

  (通常可以从公司药物安全数据库的EDI模块中找到)

  在电子传输信息中公司的辨认ID

  (这个ID对应的是E2B R3 标准中的元素N.2.r.2信息发送者标识)

  对所传输的陈述进行数字签名和加密的数字证函件息

  (需求在邮件中以附件的方法提交电子数字证书,例如后缀为.cer的证书)

  公司防火墙信息:

  1)假定有SSL信息,请供给包括用户名和暗码的信息

  2)假定运用了署理效能器,供给署理效能器有关信息

  注:经过请求人之窗上载ICSR时,不需填写“用户有必要供给的电子传输参数”。

  而经过Gateway to Gateway的方法提交,则有必要填写电子传输参数。

托福听力考试-托福听力修辞表达面面观

  托福听力有许多言语表象是致使同学们听不理解内容的要害妨碍,太多时分也是答题的要害。例如听力里呈现的修辞办法就很常见,下面具体以考题为例阐明:

  1)Yes, many times.(许多遍了。)

  2)Yes, a thousand times.(许多次了。)

  很显着,第一种答复方法不如第二种生动,因为a thousand times(许多次)运用了Hyperbole(夸大)的修辞办法。Hyperbole一词源于希腊语的huperbole,意思是exceed(跨越),是一种成心夸大其词(overstatement)或夸大其词的修辞办法;其特征是对表达目标进行有违常识或不合逻辑的夸大性描绘,以抵达激烈的修辞作用。如:a river of tears (泪河)、a mountain of coal (煤山)、oceans of people (人海)…

  Hyperbole(夸大)在新托福听力中的运用也可谓登峰造极。

  比方:

  1)You are my lifesaver.(你是我的“救命恩人”。)

  2)You are 100% right.(你“百分之百”的正确。)

  3)My back killed me.(我的腰痛的凶狠。)

  4)You make me feel guilty. (你让我感触像是在违法。)

  5)I haven’t seen you for ages. (好久不见了呀!)

  6)I could sleep for a whole year. (我太困了。)

  7)We’re all tired to death. (咱们快累死了。)

  当然,除了新托福听力备考,Hyperbole(夸大)的修辞办法在英语言语文学中的经榜样例不堪枚举:

  1)One father is more than a hundred schoolmasters. (George Herbert) (一个父亲的作用大于100个教师。)

  2)It’s a crime to stay inside on such a beautiful day. (今日阳光亮丽,躲在家中真实太怅惘了。)

  3)A drop of ink may make a million think.(George G Byron)(一滴墨水写成的文字可让千万人思索。)

  Simile(明喻)

  试比照以下两种新托福听力表达方法:

  1)He spent a lot of money.(他花了大笔的钱。)

  2)He spent a lot of money, like water.(他花钱如流水。)

  很显着,第二种表达方法比第一种愈加生动和形象。因为like water(如流水)运用了Simile(明喻)的修辞办法,这样以来,无疑使言语愈加精彩和完满,听力考试也不再单纯是一门考试,而变成了一种享受。 Simile(明喻)一词源于拉丁语similes,其意为like(象)。他凭仗我们的愿望力,运用必定的比方词如:like, as等加以联接,然后理解的标明两种事物之间的类似之处,使得表达愈加新鲜风趣。其典型方法是A is like B. Simile(明喻)的修辞办法在TOEFL听力中的运用可谓登峰造极。

2017.11.25/26小规模托福写作机经解析

前面咱们共享了11.25-11.26托福白话机经解析,下面咱们接着共享上海沃邦教研组的写作教师们给我们收拾的小规模的写作机经的猜测与解析,预祝明日考试的同学们在写作上都能获得不错的成果。下面是概况:

作者:上海沃邦托福写作教研组

160109CN

Some people think it is the best approach for students to learn if school start the day at an early time in the morning. But someone think the school should start the day at late time. Which one do you prefer? Use specific reasons and detailed examples to support your answer.

分观念:

Firstly, early classes in the morning will force the students to keep a disciplined life style.

协助学生坚持有规则的日子

In addition, early start in the morning also leaves more extracurricular time for students.

供给更多的课外时刻

语料库:

dally at night 在晚上浪费时刻

keep themselves energetic 使自个变得精力充分

shape many of their excellent characteristics 描写许多优质的性格

cozy bed 舒畅的床

extracurricular activities 课外活动

Keeping the schedule in mind, they would no longer dally at night before sleep, and save their time in the morning. 把日程表记在心中,他们就不会在晚上睡觉前浪费时刻,而且在早上节约许多时刻。

They could also shape many of their excellent characteristics, like self-discipline or persistence. 他们会描写许多优良的品质,比方说自律和坚持。

Leaving the cozy bed requires a powerful willpower when we start a new day, and doing this every day asks for a strong self-control. 在新的一天脱离舒畅的床需要健壮的意志力,每天这样做需要一个健壮的自我控制力。

More spare time after class enables students to conduct other activities, such as further exploring in study, deepening their interests or doing some other activities. 更多的课余时刻能使学生参加其他的活动,比方在学习上的进一步探究或许拓荒自个的爱好喜爱。

Students would be also capable of learning instrument, painting or doing sports with abundant of time after class. 学生还可以在课余时刻学习乐器,画画或许做运动。

Those extracurricular activities help students to achieve complete development. 这些课外活动可以协助孩子获得全部打开。

160227CN High school students should be required to study many different subjects at same time or they should study only three or four subjects at a time.

分观念:

To begin with, only three or four subjects at a time ensure that students have enough time and energy to make further research in each of these fields.

首要,一次只学习三到四门学科可以保证学生有充分的时刻和精力对每个领域有更深化的研讨。

Besides, when students are allowed to choose three or four subjects at a time based on their own interest, they would performer better without under a huge amount of mental pressure.

另外,当孩子选择三到四门他们感爱好的学科,他们可以表面非常好而且不会对他们的心里带来更多的压力。

语料库:

bite deeply into these subjects 对学科深化学习

the whole picture of a certain field 对一个领域有无缺的了解

a smattering of knowledge 常识的浅知

be more keen on their school work 对学习有热心

get upset and frustrated 变的心慌意乱

be bothersome and annoying 变的烦恼

It allows them to bite deeply into these subjects, thus gaining the whole picture of a certain field in their mind rather than just a smattering of knowledge. 这可以让他们对这些学科有深化研讨,然后关于一个领域有全部的晓得而不是只是片面的晓得。

They would find themselves wrestling with complex chemical formulas, intertwined history events and distinctions between invertebrates and amphibians on the same very day. ?他们会发现自个误解凌乱的化学公式,混杂前史作业以及无脊椎动物和两栖动物的差异。

If they are forced to learn too many subjects at a time, chances are that they not only cannot be guaranteed with good grade but also get upset and frustrated. 假定他们强逼自个一起学习多门学科,那么很有可以他们无法保证好的成果一起又会感到懊丧。

Only when students spend their time on just three or four subjects that truly attractive to them can they get good grade on each subject and enjoy their high-school time happily. 只需当学生把他们的时刻花在三到四门学科他们真实感爱好的学科上,他们才干在每门学科中获得好的成果而且享受他们的学习韶光。

Things may get even worse when they find some of these subjects are extremely bothersome and annoying. 当他们发现一些学科非常的无趣的时分,作业就会变得更糟糕。

150110CN

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: All university students should take basic science courses regardless of their fields of study.

分观念:

Taking basic science courses may be time-consuming and academically stressful.

学习根底科学课程是一件耗时的作业,而且还会添加学生的学业担负。

Offering basic science courses can increase the cost of education.

开设根底科学课程会添加教育本钱。

The effects of learning basic science courses can be obtained in other forms.

学习根底科学课程的作用也可以经过其他方法或许途径获得。

语料库:

academic performance 成果/学术体现

credit 学分

tuition 膏火

necessity 必要性

unaffordable 难以担负的

schooling 校园教育

merit 优点 / 优势

broaden horizon 拓荒视野

knowledgably 博学多识的

alternative / option 选择

Learning basic science courses obviously occupies the time that is supposed to be spent on specialized courses.

学习根底科学课程会占用那些本该花在专业课上的时刻。

Given the importance of basic science, school authorities can turn basic science courses into casual lectures for students.

介于根底科学的重要性,校园仍是要教授的,可是可以用课后讲座的方法。

Basic science broaden student’s range of knowledge and enhance their analytical skills.

根底科学拓宽学生的常识面而且强化了他们的分析技能。

Some students’ academic pressure is so heavy that they could not afford to take any irrelevant courses, such as basic science.

有些学生学习本专业课程就现已很有分量了,他们担负不起再学其他根底科学课程的压力了。

These costs would be reflected in the tuition fee, and would deprive many underprivileged students of an opportunity for education.

这些课程的学习本钱会反映在膏火上,这一点使得许多贫穷家庭的学生失掉了承受教育的机缘。

160123CN Some people believe that video games could inspire young students’ interest and make their study more efficient rather than distracting them and a waste of time, so young students should be allowed to play video games.

分观念:

Firstly, games that are designed to help teach and “brain training” have long and enormous popular appeal.

首要,那些被方案用于教育和脑力练习的游戏有着长远和无量的招引力。

Games that convey positive social messages never fail to boost the children’s confidence, encourage cooperation and teamwork.

那些传达正确社会价值观的游戏可以添加孩子的自傲,并鼓舞他们学会团队协作。

语料库:

improved performance in perception, attention and cognition 感知力,留心力和认知力的非常好的体现

information-processing, logic-thinking and problem-solving abilities 信息加工,逻辑思维和处置疑问的才能

Vigorously improve the hand-eye coordination, enhance split-second decision making and boost auditory perception 极大地前进双眼和手的调和,增强片刻间抉择计划才能以及听觉感知才能

multitask 多使命

A sense of achievement 自我完成

puzzles,exploration and discovery 迷宫探究和发现

emphasize the cooperative aspects of game play 偏重游戏的协作

Game players show improved performance in perception, attention and cognition. 游戏者有着在感知力,留心力和认知才能上的非常好体现。

One of the redeeming qualities of all games, even those with violent content, is enhanced information-processing, logic-thinking and problem-solving abilities in novel contexts. 一切游戏的一个可取之处,哪怕是那些有暴力内容的游戏,就是在别致的布景下前进信息处置才能,逻辑思维才能和处置疑问的才能。

Some carefully-designed studies have shown that video games improve several aspects of brain activity, including multitasking. 一些精心方案的查询研讨发现电脑游戏可以提巨大脑活动的多种方面,包括多使命处置。

Games help children feel a sense of achievement. Through those puzzles, exploration and discovery, players learn to succeed in ways that our brains actually prefer. 游戏能协助孩子获得作用感。经过这些迷宫,探究和发现,孩子能经过一些咱们的大脑更喜爱的方法来学会成功。

Children are free to explore and utilize and achieve success with this new skill, growing in confidence all the while. 孩子可以安闲地探究和运用新的技能来获得成功,一起也前进了他们的自傲。

Many games today emphasize the cooperative aspects of game play, in which two or more players need to work together to reach a common goal. 如今许多游戏都注重游戏的协作,从中有两个或许多个玩家需要一起协作来结束某个方针。

161210CN(上午)

It’s difficult for teachers to be both popular (well liked) and effective in helping students learn. Agree or disagree?

分观念:

First and foremost, teachers adopting wide popularity among students perfectly draw their attention during the class.

受等待的教师在讲堂中更简略招引学生的留心力。

Additionally, an effective teacher are capable of winning students’ acceptance. 有功率的教师更可以得到学生的承受。

语料库:

Shiny on the platform 在讲台上宣告光辉

outstanding characters 招引人的特性

zest and enthusiasm for study 关于学习的热心

academic performance 学业成果

fruitful result of children’s study 赋有作用的学习

make combined efforts to improve the teaching methods 多方面尽力前进教育方法

Equipped with outstanding characters, popular teachers seem to be shiny on the platform, never failing to obtain the students’ clear preference. 因为招引人的特性,受等待的教师可以在讲台上宣告光辉,也历来不会失掉学生的喜爱。

Students’ zest and enthusiasm for study will be inspired and well-maintained. 学生关于学习的热心会被激起而且一向坚持。

In order to ensure the comprehensive understanding of the class by students, effective teachers make combined efforts to improve their teaching methods, which will finally be witnessed by both the parents and students. 为了使学生全部了解课程,有用的教师会经过多方面的尽力来前进他们的教育办法,究竟被家长和学生所目睹。

With better academic performance, students will be wholeheartedly thankful for the hardworking teachers. 学生会因为学习成果的前进而诚心的谢谢这些勤劳付出的教师。

The fruitful result of children’s studying is of paramount importance and is closely related to their welcome of teachers. 赋有作用的学习是最重要的而且也是紧密联络到教师的受等待程度。

160319CN

Students in a university club want to help others, but they can only choose one project a year, which one of the following is the best?

Help those students in a nearby primary school with reading and mathematics;

Help people who cannot afford to build or rent a home to build a house;

Visit and assist elderly people with daily tasks.

分观念:

There is no generation gap between the college students and primary school students.

大学生的年纪更接近,所以交流时不会有代沟

Helping reading and mathematics can cultivate students’ communication skill.

培育学生的交流才能

语料库:

teachers=instructors=educators ?教师

be familiar with 了解

highly qualified ?合格的

congenial 亲热的

generation gap 代沟

apply theory to practice 把理论运用于实习

entertaining 文娱性的

impart knowledge into one’s mind 教授常识

disseminate knowledge=pass on knowledge=convey knowledge ?传达常识

cultivate/ develop/ foster communication skill培育交流才能

College students are likely to make the learning experience more stimulating and motivating. 大学生更有可以把学习变得更具动力

Sending college students to work in community services is a good idea as it can provide them with many valuable skills.让大学生参加社区活动是个极好的主意因为这能给他们供给许多有价值的技能。

Children should begin to develop their social skills through the communication with their peers and their teachers as early as possible. 孩子大约尽早的经过与同龄人和教师的交流来培育他们的交际才能。

Many university students strive for high academic performance but do not spend much time on non-academic activities. 许多大学生尽力于他们的校园成果但不愿花太多时刻在非学术活动上。

Students may even feel frustrated with learning because many of the teachers do not interest or challenge them. 因为许多教师不去激起学生爱好或给学生应战,他们会对学习感到受挫。

It is easy for college students to stimulate children’s imagination and encourage them to approach problems creatively. 大学生能更简略地激起学生的愿望力并鼓舞他们创造性的处置疑问。

Many university students not only have unique teaching styles but also have academic and personal interests that are attractive to primary school students. 许多大学生不只有一起的教育个性还有对小学生有招引力的学习和自个爱好。

During the volunteer work, college students can develop their communication skills and teamwork skills. 在自愿者活动中,大学生能培育他们的交流才能和团队协作才能。

The volunteer work provides students with opportunities to apply and practice their theoretical knowledge and technical skills. 自愿者活动为学生供给了运用理论常识技能的机缘。

Most of the formative years of a child should be spent engaging in recreational activities. 孩子性格养成期大约花在文娱休闲活动上。

160709CN

If you were offered two jobs, one has average paid and you work normal hours (40 hours a week), the other one has much higher salary but you need to work long hours. Which one would you choose? And state your reasons.

分观念:

Working normal hours means you can have more time with your family members.

更多的家庭时刻

You are more likely to stay away from unhealthy lifestyle when working 40 hours a week.

远离不安康的日子方法

语料库:

obesity 肥胖

suffer a heart attack 得心脏病

sedentary lifestyle 久坐不动的日子方法

reduce stress 开释压力

strengthen the bond 加强枢纽

workout 运动

a balanced diet 均衡的饮食

keep sb company 陪同

depression 抑郁症

work overtime 加班

Outdoor recreation such as mountain climbing, camping and hiking are ideal activities to encourage family bonding. 户外活动比方爬山,野营和步行关于推进家庭联络来说对错常好的活动。

Many families participate in outdoor recreation as a way to bond. 许多家庭把参加户外活动当作一种联络枢纽。

More often than not parents say recreation’s capacity to build self-worth and personal growth and help children develop important interpersonal skills are the most important reasons to see children active. 大有些时分,家长说树立自我价值和自个生长,协助孩子培育交际才能是让孩子们多活动的重要缘由。

Many families make use of outdoor recreation as a means to establish bonds and transmit key values to children. 许多家庭把户外活动当作树立联络枢纽和传递重要价值观的一种途径。

A sizable number of people feel that recreation strengthens the family as a unit and the children as individuals.大有些认为休闲活动使家庭更联合,使个别更独立。

These dynamic families are balancing their contribution in recreational activities with work. 这些常常活动的家庭用休闲活动来平衡作业。

According to many people the most imperative reasons to recreate are fun, fitness and family time. 大有些人觉得参加休闲活动最重要的缘由是文娱,安康和家庭时刻。

Irregular meals increase the risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease. 不规则的饮食会添加肥胖和汗水管疾病的风险。

Fast food always compromises the nutritional value of food. 快餐会丢掉食物的养分价值。

When family members do not have meals together, it may weaken family bonds. 当家人不常常在一同吃饭时,这可以会削弱家庭联络。

150524CN

Which way do you think is the best for a student to make new friends. a. joining a sports team, b. participating in community activities, c. traveling.

分观念:

Joining a sports team could greatly facilitate communication and interaction, making it easier to establish friendship.

参加体育活动增进交流和互动,更简略交新兄弟。

People who participate in community activities are various in the age and background, so it is less likely to make new friends with them.

社区活动的参加者年纪和布景各纷歧样,很难有一起论题来变成兄弟。

Students usually travel with families or travelling group, having less chance to make new friends.

学生出去旅行通常是跟团或许跟家人,很难结识新兄弟。

语料库:

team spirit 团队精力

collective 集体的

competitive sports 敌对性运动

peer 同龄人

interaction 互动

mutual understanding 彼此晓得

voluntary 自愿的 / 自觉的

security 安全

shared interest 一起喜爱

acquaintance 相识的人

Friendship is one of the most valuable sentiments for people, especially for people who are in school days.

友谊关于一自个来说弥足宝贵,特别是对在校学生而言。

Making new friends and sharing interests with others are always exciting parts of social life.

结识新兄弟并共享爱好喜爱是交际日子中最激悦耳心的有些。

Students can not only release themselves from whole day’s pressure, but also can build up good relationships with others through the communication and exercise

学生不只可以开释往常的压力,还可以经过交流和锻链词碱建友谊的桥梁。

Joining a sport team will provide a long period of time for students to get along with each other.

参加体育社团给学生足够的时刻与别人共处。

They can learn how to fight for the same goal through tacit teamwork and how to contribute to the whole team instead of just thinking of oneself.

他们能学到怎样经过团队协作达到一起方针以及怎样为集体做出奉献。

更多写作机经解析可重视沃邦教育大众号(ionebest)回复”机经”获得

托福白话独立使命思路的来历

原标题:托福白话独立使命思路的来历

独立使命让我们最头疼的就是没有思路,或是有思路,可是当表达出来之后,给人的感触非常的空泛。学生总听到教师拼命地在说要生动的比方和有证明力度的比方,可是学生总也搞不理解究竟要把比方说成啥姿势才算契合教师的需求。

那么与其咱们自个来想,不如咱们从托福本身给咱们的资猜中去收罗出一些非常有用的比方。其实我们都晓得,托福的考试分红传闻读写四个有些,而不管那个有些触及的常识面都是恰当广泛的,咱们常开玩笑说托福的常识面掩盖了从Anthropology到Zoology的领域。

因而咱们完全可以把它作为一种非常好的材料来历,即在做完每一篇操练后,不妨细心研讨一下傍边究竟说了啥内容?把它收拾出来,然后可以给咱们白话独立使命供给恰当不错的思路。

无锡举世教育戴杲蔚教师在此给我们举例阐明。

早年的有道考题:

Some people think electronic books are better, others prefer to work with paper books. Which do you think is better and why?

TPO27白话task3就触及到了相同的论题:

Switch to Electronic Textbooks

The university will begin switching From traditional-bound textbooks early next year. University students will be able to download the content of their required textbooks to a reading device and read the material directly from the device’s screen. While the cost of the device is around $200, it is a one-time expense. Considering the rising cost of textbooks, students will save money in the long run since purchasing electronic books for their classes is much less expensive than buying regular textbooks. Furthermore, the university believe the device will be the an effective study aid because it is simple to operate and offers features such as highlighting of text and note-taking.

听力中男女人对话。女人对立这项抉择。因为她觉得,第一,电子书不可以能永久都只用一部,当它功用性晋级或许是有损坏的时分,你就得去买。所以运用电子书其实是会添加学生的费用。第二,电子书的键盘和功用键非常的小,正常标准的手指去操作起来很困难。而且她觉得用纸质的材料去进行书写和做笔记非常便利。

这篇白话材料其实把正说反说的思路都协助想好了,假定能在说这道标题的时分想到,那证明理由天然是充分到家了。

再比方说通常让学生头疼的画家的描绘或是艺术作品的描绘,托福考试资猜中早现已给了思路。这儿就不加以具体阐明晰,我们可以去参阅TPO1-listening-Rose Frantzen,或是TPO-11-Speaking-Outside Art。它们都供给了非常好用的材料。

所以说,假定可以好好消化这些材料,咱们的思路就能翻开许多。